Metal nanoparticles are used in optical coatings and sensors due to their absorption in optical part of spectrum and its sensitivity to the environment induced by localized surface plasmon resonance. Glass is the most common substrate used for optical coatings. However, its surface does not have optimal properties for coating with metal nanoparticles grown in situ by reduction of metal salt. Glass surface optimization methods may involve environmentally hostile chemicals or processes that have time limited or atmosphere sensitive effects. In this study it is demonstrated and discussed effectiveness, mechanisms and advantages of glass poling as pre-treatment method for improving glass surface properties for maximization of coatings plasmonic performance. Pre-treatment of glass surfaces by poling is highly efficient for the purpose. Glass poling quenches ion exchange between metal ions from the solution and alkali ions from glass, favouring nanoparticles formation. Surface prepared in such way is not affected by ageing in normal atmosphere and is effective even after coating with ultrathin dielectric or Cr layers.

Glass poling as a substrate surface pre-treatment for in situ metal nanoparticle formation by reduction of metal salt

Spadaro M. C.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Metal nanoparticles are used in optical coatings and sensors due to their absorption in optical part of spectrum and its sensitivity to the environment induced by localized surface plasmon resonance. Glass is the most common substrate used for optical coatings. However, its surface does not have optimal properties for coating with metal nanoparticles grown in situ by reduction of metal salt. Glass surface optimization methods may involve environmentally hostile chemicals or processes that have time limited or atmosphere sensitive effects. In this study it is demonstrated and discussed effectiveness, mechanisms and advantages of glass poling as pre-treatment method for improving glass surface properties for maximization of coatings plasmonic performance. Pre-treatment of glass surfaces by poling is highly efficient for the purpose. Glass poling quenches ion exchange between metal ions from the solution and alkali ions from glass, favouring nanoparticles formation. Surface prepared in such way is not affected by ageing in normal atmosphere and is effective even after coating with ultrathin dielectric or Cr layers.
2022
Glass poling
Ion exchange
Metal nanoparticles
Optical properties
Surface modification
Thin films
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/594769
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