When treating intrabony defects to regenerate periodontal structure, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) alone or in conjunction with various grafting materials, enamel matrix proteins, and barrier membranes have shown promising results. This evidence-based review aimed to systematically appraise the efficacy of xenograft in combination with PRP in the surgical treatment of periodontal intrabony defects in comparison to xenograft alone in terms of clinical and radiographic outcomes in adults with periodontitis. Electronic and manual data were searched exhaustively by 2 reviewers, including PubMed-Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase and Scopus from the earliest available date till January 31, 2023 without restriction on language. Randomized controlled clinical trials of either parallel or a split-mouth design and studies where xenograft and PRP were in the intervention group or as a comparator was included. After screening the articles, 3 studies were included. The current systematic review reveals that PRP used as an adjunct with a xenograft resulted in a significant reduction in pocket depth and greater clinical attachment level gain in comparison to xenograft alone. The analysis of the present review concludes that PRP in conjunction with xenograft for the treatment of intrabony defects shows promising outcomes. However, owing to the short follow-up time and heterogeneity of included studies, caution should be followed while using this material clinically.

The Effect of Xenograft and Platelet-Rich Plasma in the Surgical Management of Intrabony Defects in Periodontitis Patients: A Systematic Review

Fiorillo L.;Cicciu' M.
2023-01-01

Abstract

When treating intrabony defects to regenerate periodontal structure, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) alone or in conjunction with various grafting materials, enamel matrix proteins, and barrier membranes have shown promising results. This evidence-based review aimed to systematically appraise the efficacy of xenograft in combination with PRP in the surgical treatment of periodontal intrabony defects in comparison to xenograft alone in terms of clinical and radiographic outcomes in adults with periodontitis. Electronic and manual data were searched exhaustively by 2 reviewers, including PubMed-Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase and Scopus from the earliest available date till January 31, 2023 without restriction on language. Randomized controlled clinical trials of either parallel or a split-mouth design and studies where xenograft and PRP were in the intervention group or as a comparator was included. After screening the articles, 3 studies were included. The current systematic review reveals that PRP used as an adjunct with a xenograft resulted in a significant reduction in pocket depth and greater clinical attachment level gain in comparison to xenograft alone. The analysis of the present review concludes that PRP in conjunction with xenograft for the treatment of intrabony defects shows promising outcomes. However, owing to the short follow-up time and heterogeneity of included studies, caution should be followed while using this material clinically.
2023
intrabony defects
periodontal disease
periodontitis
platelet-rich plasma
xenograft
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/596313
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