The design and development of nanomaterials capable of penetrate cancer cells is fundamental when anticancer therapy is involved. The use of collagenase (Col) is useful since this enzyme can degrade collagen, mainly present in the tumor extracellular matrix. However, its use is often limited since collagenase suffers from inactivation and short half-life. Use of recombinant ultrapure collagenase or carrier systems for their delivery are among the strategies adopted to increase the enzyme stability. Herein, based on the more stability showed by recombinant enzymes and the possibility to use them in anticancer therapy, we propose a novel strategy to further increase their stability by using halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) as carrier. ColG and ColH were supramolecularly loaded onto HNTs and used as fillers for Veegum gels. The systems could be used for potential local administration of collagenases for solid tumor treatment. All techniques adopted for characterization showed that halloysite interacts with collagenases in different ways depending with the Col considered. Furthermore, the hydrogels showed a very slow release of the collagenases within 24 h. Finally, biological assays were performed by studying the digestion of a type-I collagen matrix highlighting that once released the Col still possessed some activity. Thus we developed carrier systems that could further increase the high recombinant collagenases stability, preventing their inactivation in future in vivo applications for potential local tumor treatment.

Nanoformulations based on collagenases loaded into halloysite/Veegum® clay minerals for potential pharmaceutical applications

Riela S.
2023-01-01

Abstract

The design and development of nanomaterials capable of penetrate cancer cells is fundamental when anticancer therapy is involved. The use of collagenase (Col) is useful since this enzyme can degrade collagen, mainly present in the tumor extracellular matrix. However, its use is often limited since collagenase suffers from inactivation and short half-life. Use of recombinant ultrapure collagenase or carrier systems for their delivery are among the strategies adopted to increase the enzyme stability. Herein, based on the more stability showed by recombinant enzymes and the possibility to use them in anticancer therapy, we propose a novel strategy to further increase their stability by using halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) as carrier. ColG and ColH were supramolecularly loaded onto HNTs and used as fillers for Veegum gels. The systems could be used for potential local administration of collagenases for solid tumor treatment. All techniques adopted for characterization showed that halloysite interacts with collagenases in different ways depending with the Col considered. Furthermore, the hydrogels showed a very slow release of the collagenases within 24 h. Finally, biological assays were performed by studying the digestion of a type-I collagen matrix highlighting that once released the Col still possessed some activity. Thus we developed carrier systems that could further increase the high recombinant collagenases stability, preventing their inactivation in future in vivo applications for potential local tumor treatment.
2023
Collagenases
Halloysite
Hydrogels
Veegum®
sustained release
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/596464
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