Hypothesis: Oral insulin administration is not actually effective due to insulin rapid degradation, inactivation and digestion by proteolytic enzymes which results in low bioavailability. Moreover insulin is poorly permeable and lack of lipophilicity. These limits can be overcome by the loading of protein in some nanostructured carrier such as halloysite nanotubes (HNTs). Experiments: Herein we propose an easy strategy to obtain HNT hybrid materials for the delivery of insulin. We report a detailed description on the thermal behavior and stability of insulin loaded and released from the HNTs hybrid by the combination of several techniques. Findings: Release experiments of insulin from the HNTs revealed the efficacy of the nanocarrier. Circular Dichroism data evidenced that the released insulin exhibits its native-like secondary structure confirming the suitability of HNT/insulin as delivery system for at least three months. The loaded nanotubes were filled into chitosan matrix with the aim to prepare bionanocomposite films that can be used for transdermal delivery. This work puts forward an efficient strategy to prepare halloysite based nanocarriers containing insulin that could be employed in several biomedical applications. The detailed description of the prepared HNT/insulin hybrid represents a fundamental point for designing advanced delivery systems. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.

Halloysite nanotubes for efficient loading, stabilization and controlled release of insulin

Riela, S.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Hypothesis: Oral insulin administration is not actually effective due to insulin rapid degradation, inactivation and digestion by proteolytic enzymes which results in low bioavailability. Moreover insulin is poorly permeable and lack of lipophilicity. These limits can be overcome by the loading of protein in some nanostructured carrier such as halloysite nanotubes (HNTs). Experiments: Herein we propose an easy strategy to obtain HNT hybrid materials for the delivery of insulin. We report a detailed description on the thermal behavior and stability of insulin loaded and released from the HNTs hybrid by the combination of several techniques. Findings: Release experiments of insulin from the HNTs revealed the efficacy of the nanocarrier. Circular Dichroism data evidenced that the released insulin exhibits its native-like secondary structure confirming the suitability of HNT/insulin as delivery system for at least three months. The loaded nanotubes were filled into chitosan matrix with the aim to prepare bionanocomposite films that can be used for transdermal delivery. This work puts forward an efficient strategy to prepare halloysite based nanocarriers containing insulin that could be employed in several biomedical applications. The detailed description of the prepared HNT/insulin hybrid represents a fundamental point for designing advanced delivery systems. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
2018
Biochemistry
Dichroism
Enzyme inhibition
Hybrid materials
Kaolinite
Medical applications
Nanotubes
Yarn
Bio-nanocomposite
Biomedical applications
Bionanocomposite films
Circular dichroism data
Halloysite nanotube (HNTs)
Halloysite nanotubes
Protein stability
Sustained release
Insulin
Bionanocomposite hybrid
Halloysite nanotubes
Insulin
Protein stability
Sustained release
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/596479
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