Background: Anterior nutcracker syndrome is defined as the compression of the left renal vein (LRV) between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the aorta, whereas posterior nutcracker syndrome refers to the compression of the retroaortic LRV between the aorta and the vertebral column-the presence of the circumaortic left renal vein may predispose to "combined nutcracker syndrome". May-Thurner syndrome consists of obstruction of the left common iliac vein caused by the crossing right common iliac artery. We report a unique case of combined nutcracker syndrome associated with May-Thurner syndrome. Case presentation: A 39-year-old Caucasian female came to our radiology unit for triple-negative breast cancer computed tomography (CT) staging. She complained of pain in hermid-back and low-back regions and intermittent abdominal pain in the left flank region. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) incidentally revealed a circumaortic left renal vein draining to the inferior vena cava, with bulbous dilatation of both the antero-superior and posterior-inferior branches, which was associated with pathological serpiginous dilation of the left ovarian vein with varicose pelvic veins. Axial CT imaging of the pelvis also showed compression of the left common iliac vein by the overlying right common iliac artery consistent with May-Thurner syndrome without signs of venous thrombosis. Conclusion: Contrast-enhanced CT is the best imaging modality for suspected vascular compression syndromes. CT findings showed a combination of anterior and posterior nutcracker syndrome in the left circumaortic renal vein, associated with May-Thurner syndrome, which has not previously been described in the literature.

Anterior and Posterior Nutcracker Syndrome Combined with May–Thurner Syndrome: First Report of This Unique Case

Tiralongo, Francesco;Galioto, Federica;Distefano, Giulio;Palmucci, Stefano;Basile, Antonio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Anterior nutcracker syndrome is defined as the compression of the left renal vein (LRV) between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the aorta, whereas posterior nutcracker syndrome refers to the compression of the retroaortic LRV between the aorta and the vertebral column-the presence of the circumaortic left renal vein may predispose to "combined nutcracker syndrome". May-Thurner syndrome consists of obstruction of the left common iliac vein caused by the crossing right common iliac artery. We report a unique case of combined nutcracker syndrome associated with May-Thurner syndrome. Case presentation: A 39-year-old Caucasian female came to our radiology unit for triple-negative breast cancer computed tomography (CT) staging. She complained of pain in hermid-back and low-back regions and intermittent abdominal pain in the left flank region. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) incidentally revealed a circumaortic left renal vein draining to the inferior vena cava, with bulbous dilatation of both the antero-superior and posterior-inferior branches, which was associated with pathological serpiginous dilation of the left ovarian vein with varicose pelvic veins. Axial CT imaging of the pelvis also showed compression of the left common iliac vein by the overlying right common iliac artery consistent with May-Thurner syndrome without signs of venous thrombosis. Conclusion: Contrast-enhanced CT is the best imaging modality for suspected vascular compression syndromes. CT findings showed a combination of anterior and posterior nutcracker syndrome in the left circumaortic renal vein, associated with May-Thurner syndrome, which has not previously been described in the literature.
2023
May–Thurner syndrome
cardiovascular abnormalities
computed tomography
diagnostic imaging
renal nutcracker syndrome
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/600313
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