The planning of interventions aimed at preserving the built heritage of inner areas is a complex process due to the fragility of these contexts. It should stem from adequate knowledge to support the recognition of qualities, resources, and potentials, and the reinterpretation of residual values. From the perspective of an axiological approach to the built heritage, it is possible to foster the resemantization of such values based on a rigorous cognitive model. This research proposed a cognitive model of the built heritage of the historic neighbourhood of Granfonte in Leonforte (Enna). The knowledge model, developed in Excel, has a hierarchical type of structure characterized by domain, classes, properties, and the attribution of values to properties. The approach makes it possible to execute queries that arise from specific relationships between classes. In this study, we developed both simple queries to measure the percentages of certain characteristics of the building units and complex queries for the estimation of aggregate indices to define the degree of transformation and loss of integrity (Formula presented.) and degradation (Formula presented.) of the building units or to identify those most exposed to the risk of ruination and contagion. The proposed model can be framed within the framework of ontologies supporting structured heritage knowledge.

A Knowledge and Evaluation Model to Support the Conservation of Abandoned Historical Centres in Inner Areas

Trovato M. R.
Primo
;
Sanzaro D.
Secondo
2024-01-01

Abstract

The planning of interventions aimed at preserving the built heritage of inner areas is a complex process due to the fragility of these contexts. It should stem from adequate knowledge to support the recognition of qualities, resources, and potentials, and the reinterpretation of residual values. From the perspective of an axiological approach to the built heritage, it is possible to foster the resemantization of such values based on a rigorous cognitive model. This research proposed a cognitive model of the built heritage of the historic neighbourhood of Granfonte in Leonforte (Enna). The knowledge model, developed in Excel, has a hierarchical type of structure characterized by domain, classes, properties, and the attribution of values to properties. The approach makes it possible to execute queries that arise from specific relationships between classes. In this study, we developed both simple queries to measure the percentages of certain characteristics of the building units and complex queries for the estimation of aggregate indices to define the degree of transformation and loss of integrity (Formula presented.) and degradation (Formula presented.) of the building units or to identify those most exposed to the risk of ruination and contagion. The proposed model can be framed within the framework of ontologies supporting structured heritage knowledge.
2024
axiological approach
building decay index
built heritage conservation
heritage resemantization
index of transformation and loss of integrity
knowledge model
ontology-based model
query models
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/600729
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