Zero-dimensional boron nitride quantum dots (BNQDs) are arousing interest for their versatile optical, chemical, and biochemical properties. Introducing carbon contents in BNQDs nanostructures is a great challenge to modulate their physicochemical properties. Among the carbon moieties, phenolic groups have attracted attention for their biochemical properties and phenol-containing nanomaterials are showing great promise for biomedical applications. Herein, the first example of direct synthesis of water dispersible BNQDs exposing phenolic and carboxylic groups is presented. The carbon-BNQDs are prepared in a single-step by solvent-assisted reaction of urea with boronic reagents and are characterized by optical absorption, luminescence, Raman, Fourier transform infrared and NMR spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, and atomic force microscopy. The carbon-BNQDs exhibit nanodimension, stability, high photothermal conversion efficiency, pH-responsive luminescence and Z-potential. The potential of the carbon-BNQDs to provide photothermal materials in solid by embedding in agarose substrate is successfully investigated. The carbon-BNQDs exhibit biocompatibility on colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2) and protective effects from chemical and oxidative stress on Caco-2, osteosarcoma (MG-63), and microglial (HMC-3) cells. Amplicon mRNA-seq analyses for the expression of 56 genes involve in oxidative-stress and inflammation are performed to evaluate the molecular events responsible for the cell protective effects of the carbon-BNQDs.

One‐Pot Synthesis of Luminescent and Photothermal Carbon Boron‐Nitride Quantum Dots Exhibiting Cell Damage Protective Effects

Maugeri, Ludovica;Gulino, Antonino;D'Urso, Luisa;Bonacci, Paolo;Forte, Giuseppe;Petralia, Salvatore
Supervision
2024-01-01

Abstract

Zero-dimensional boron nitride quantum dots (BNQDs) are arousing interest for their versatile optical, chemical, and biochemical properties. Introducing carbon contents in BNQDs nanostructures is a great challenge to modulate their physicochemical properties. Among the carbon moieties, phenolic groups have attracted attention for their biochemical properties and phenol-containing nanomaterials are showing great promise for biomedical applications. Herein, the first example of direct synthesis of water dispersible BNQDs exposing phenolic and carboxylic groups is presented. The carbon-BNQDs are prepared in a single-step by solvent-assisted reaction of urea with boronic reagents and are characterized by optical absorption, luminescence, Raman, Fourier transform infrared and NMR spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, and atomic force microscopy. The carbon-BNQDs exhibit nanodimension, stability, high photothermal conversion efficiency, pH-responsive luminescence and Z-potential. The potential of the carbon-BNQDs to provide photothermal materials in solid by embedding in agarose substrate is successfully investigated. The carbon-BNQDs exhibit biocompatibility on colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2) and protective effects from chemical and oxidative stress on Caco-2, osteosarcoma (MG-63), and microglial (HMC-3) cells. Amplicon mRNA-seq analyses for the expression of 56 genes involve in oxidative-stress and inflammation are performed to evaluate the molecular events responsible for the cell protective effects of the carbon-BNQDs.
2024
antioxidant
anti‐inflammatory effect
luminescent boron nitride quantum‐dots
nanomaterials
photothermal
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/603589
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