Affinity in vitro tests were conducted of the efficacy of 17 activated carbons (ACs) in binding aflatoxin B-1 from solution. Relationships between adsorption ability and physicochemical parameters of the ACs (surface area, iodine number, methylene blue index, and surface acidity) were tested. Using 5 ml of a 4 mu g/ml aqueous solution of aflatoxin B-1 and 2 mg of an AC, adsorption abilities ranged from 44.47% to 99.82%. Four ACs showed very high adsorption abilities, binding more than 99% of the available aflatoxin B-1. in comparative testing five ACs showed a greater ability to bind aflatoxin B-1 than hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate (HSCAS). Three ACs also showed high adsorption abilities (ca. 99%) at increasing aflatoxin B-1 concentrations (50 and 250 mu g/ml) whereas HSCAS adsorption ability greatly declined. With the exception of three ACs, aflatoxin B-1 adsorption was significantly correlated with all the physicochemical parameters, confirming a close relationship between molecule trapping and the surface physicochemical adsorption process. The methylene blue index was more reliable than iodine number and surface area in predicting AC adsorptive ability. The results suggested that ACs with a high methylene blue index and low surface acidity have a very high in vitro affinity for aflatoxin B-1; however, their efficacy in protecting against aflatoxicosis should be verified further by in vivo tests.

Activated carbons: In vitro affinity for aflatoxin B-1 and relation of adsorption ability to physicochemical parameters RID F-8122-2010 RID A-9694-2008

GALVANO, Fabio;FALLICO, Biagio;SCIRE', Salvatore;
1996

Abstract

Affinity in vitro tests were conducted of the efficacy of 17 activated carbons (ACs) in binding aflatoxin B-1 from solution. Relationships between adsorption ability and physicochemical parameters of the ACs (surface area, iodine number, methylene blue index, and surface acidity) were tested. Using 5 ml of a 4 mu g/ml aqueous solution of aflatoxin B-1 and 2 mg of an AC, adsorption abilities ranged from 44.47% to 99.82%. Four ACs showed very high adsorption abilities, binding more than 99% of the available aflatoxin B-1. in comparative testing five ACs showed a greater ability to bind aflatoxin B-1 than hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate (HSCAS). Three ACs also showed high adsorption abilities (ca. 99%) at increasing aflatoxin B-1 concentrations (50 and 250 mu g/ml) whereas HSCAS adsorption ability greatly declined. With the exception of three ACs, aflatoxin B-1 adsorption was significantly correlated with all the physicochemical parameters, confirming a close relationship between molecule trapping and the surface physicochemical adsorption process. The methylene blue index was more reliable than iodine number and surface area in predicting AC adsorptive ability. The results suggested that ACs with a high methylene blue index and low surface acidity have a very high in vitro affinity for aflatoxin B-1; however, their efficacy in protecting against aflatoxicosis should be verified further by in vivo tests.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/60935
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