Introduction: Periodontitis is the main cause of tooth loss and is related to many systemic diseases. Artificial intelligence (AI) in periodontics has the potential to improve the accuracy of risk assessment and provide personalized treatment planning for patients with periodontitis. This systematic review aims to examine the actual evidence on the accuracy of various AI models in predicting periodontitis. Methods: Using a mix of MeSH keywords and free text words pooled by Boolean operators (‘AND’, ‘OR’), a search strategy without a time frame setting was conducted on the following databases: Web of Science, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, and IEEE Explore. The QUADAS-2 risk of bias assessment was then performed. Results: From a total of 961 identified records screened, 8 articles were included for qualitative analysis: 4 studies showed an overall low risk of bias, 2 studies an unclear risk, and the remaining 2 studies a high risk. The most employed algorithms for periodontitis prediction were artificial neural networks, followed by support vector machines, decision trees, logistic regression, and random forest. The models showed good predictive performance for periodontitis according to different evaluation metrics, but the presented methods were heterogeneous. Conclusions: AI algorithms may improve in the future the accuracy and reliability of periodontitis prediction. However, to date, most of the studies had a retrospective design and did not consider the most modern deep learning networks. Although the available evidence is limited by a lack of standardized data collection and protocols, the potential benefits of using AI in periodontics are significant and warrant further research and development in this area. Knowledge Transfer Statement: The use of AI in periodontics can lead to more accurate diagnosis and treatment planning, as well as improved patient education and engagement. Despite the current challenges and limitations of the available evidence, particularly the lack of standardized data collection and analysis protocols, the potential benefits of using AI in periodontics are significant and warrant further research and development in this area.

Accuracy of Artificial Intelligence Models in the Prediction of Periodontitis: A Systematic Review

Polizzi A.
Primo
Methodology
;
Lo Giudice A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Leonardi R.
Penultimo
Validation
;
Isola G.
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2024-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Periodontitis is the main cause of tooth loss and is related to many systemic diseases. Artificial intelligence (AI) in periodontics has the potential to improve the accuracy of risk assessment and provide personalized treatment planning for patients with periodontitis. This systematic review aims to examine the actual evidence on the accuracy of various AI models in predicting periodontitis. Methods: Using a mix of MeSH keywords and free text words pooled by Boolean operators (‘AND’, ‘OR’), a search strategy without a time frame setting was conducted on the following databases: Web of Science, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, and IEEE Explore. The QUADAS-2 risk of bias assessment was then performed. Results: From a total of 961 identified records screened, 8 articles were included for qualitative analysis: 4 studies showed an overall low risk of bias, 2 studies an unclear risk, and the remaining 2 studies a high risk. The most employed algorithms for periodontitis prediction were artificial neural networks, followed by support vector machines, decision trees, logistic regression, and random forest. The models showed good predictive performance for periodontitis according to different evaluation metrics, but the presented methods were heterogeneous. Conclusions: AI algorithms may improve in the future the accuracy and reliability of periodontitis prediction. However, to date, most of the studies had a retrospective design and did not consider the most modern deep learning networks. Although the available evidence is limited by a lack of standardized data collection and protocols, the potential benefits of using AI in periodontics are significant and warrant further research and development in this area. Knowledge Transfer Statement: The use of AI in periodontics can lead to more accurate diagnosis and treatment planning, as well as improved patient education and engagement. Despite the current challenges and limitations of the available evidence, particularly the lack of standardized data collection and analysis protocols, the potential benefits of using AI in periodontics are significant and warrant further research and development in this area.
2024
algorithms
artificial intelligence
machine learning
periodontitis
prediction
tooth loss
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/612570
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