Solving inverse problems is central in geosciences and remote sensing. The radiative transfer models (RTMs) represent mathematically the physical laws that rule the phenomena in remote sensing applications (forward models). The numerical inversion of the RTM equations is a challenging and computationally demanding problem. For this reason, often the application of a simpler statistical regression is preferred. In general, the regression models predict the biophysical parameter of interest from the corresponding received radiance, learning a mapping from in situ data. However, this approach does not employ the physical information encoded in the RTMs. An alternative strategy, which attempts to include the physical knowledge, consists in learning a regression model trained using simulated data by an RTM code. In this paper, we introduce a nonlinear nonparametric regression model that combines the benefits of the two aforementioned approaches. The inversion is performed considering jointly both real observations and RTMsimulated data. The proposed joint Gaussian process (JGP) provides a solid framework for exploiting the regularities between the two types of data, in order to perform inverse modeling. The JGP automatically detects the relative quality of the simulated and real data, and combines them properly. This occurs by learning an additional hyperparameter with respect to a standard Gaussian process model, so that the novel scheme is at the same time simple and robust, i.e., capable of adapting to different scenarios. The advantages of the JGP method compared with benchmark strategies are shown considering synthetic and real data in different experiments. Specifically, we consider leaf area index retrieval from Landsat data combined with simulated data generated by the PROSAIL model.

Joint Gaussian Processes for Biophysical Parameter Retrieval

Martino, Luca;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Solving inverse problems is central in geosciences and remote sensing. The radiative transfer models (RTMs) represent mathematically the physical laws that rule the phenomena in remote sensing applications (forward models). The numerical inversion of the RTM equations is a challenging and computationally demanding problem. For this reason, often the application of a simpler statistical regression is preferred. In general, the regression models predict the biophysical parameter of interest from the corresponding received radiance, learning a mapping from in situ data. However, this approach does not employ the physical information encoded in the RTMs. An alternative strategy, which attempts to include the physical knowledge, consists in learning a regression model trained using simulated data by an RTM code. In this paper, we introduce a nonlinear nonparametric regression model that combines the benefits of the two aforementioned approaches. The inversion is performed considering jointly both real observations and RTMsimulated data. The proposed joint Gaussian process (JGP) provides a solid framework for exploiting the regularities between the two types of data, in order to perform inverse modeling. The JGP automatically detects the relative quality of the simulated and real data, and combines them properly. This occurs by learning an additional hyperparameter with respect to a standard Gaussian process model, so that the novel scheme is at the same time simple and robust, i.e., capable of adapting to different scenarios. The advantages of the JGP method compared with benchmark strategies are shown considering synthetic and real data in different experiments. Specifically, we consider leaf area index retrieval from Landsat data combined with simulated data generated by the PROSAIL model.
2018
Gaussian process (GP) regression
inverse modeling
kernel methods
multitask learning
PROSAIL
radiative transfer model (RTM)
vegetation monitoring
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/613994
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