Cancer molecular profiling obtained with conventional bulk sequencing describes average alterations obtained from the entire cellular population analyzed. In the era of precision medicine, this approach is unable to track tumor heterogeneity and cannot be exploited to unravel the biological processes behind clonal evolution. In the last few years, functional single-cell omics has improved our understanding of cancer heterogeneity. This approach requires isolation and identification of single cells starting from an entire population. A cell suspension obtained by tumor tissue dissociation or hematological material can be manipulated using different techniques to separate individual cells, employed for single-cell downstream analysis. Single-cell data can then be used to analyze cell-cell diversity, thus mapping evolving cancer biological processes. Despite its unquestionable advantages, single-cell analysis produces massive amounts of data with several potential biases, stemming from cell manipulation and pre-amplification steps. To overcome these limitations, several bioinformatic approaches have been developed and explored. In this work, we provide an overview of this entire process while discussing the most recent advances in the field of functional omics at single-cell resolution.

Single-Cell Analysis in the Omics Era: Technologies and Applications in Cancer

Massimino, Michele;Martorana, Federica;Stella, Stefania;Vitale, Silvia Rita;Tomarchio, Cristina;Manzella, Livia;Vigneri, Paolo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Cancer molecular profiling obtained with conventional bulk sequencing describes average alterations obtained from the entire cellular population analyzed. In the era of precision medicine, this approach is unable to track tumor heterogeneity and cannot be exploited to unravel the biological processes behind clonal evolution. In the last few years, functional single-cell omics has improved our understanding of cancer heterogeneity. This approach requires isolation and identification of single cells starting from an entire population. A cell suspension obtained by tumor tissue dissociation or hematological material can be manipulated using different techniques to separate individual cells, employed for single-cell downstream analysis. Single-cell data can then be used to analyze cell-cell diversity, thus mapping evolving cancer biological processes. Despite its unquestionable advantages, single-cell analysis produces massive amounts of data with several potential biases, stemming from cell manipulation and pre-amplification steps. To overcome these limitations, several bioinformatic approaches have been developed and explored. In this work, we provide an overview of this entire process while discussing the most recent advances in the field of functional omics at single-cell resolution.
2023
CTCs
bioinformatic approaches
cancer
omics
precision medicine
single-cell analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/616869
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