Introduction: Metronomic oral cyclophosphamide (MOC) presents many potential advantages, such as significantly less severe side effects than standard regimens, ease of administration, and the delivery of a dose-dense but not necessarily dose-intense treatment. These observations prompted us to evaluate in a retrospective, multicenter study the efficacy and toxicity of MOC in a real-life series of pretreated cancer patients. Methods: The study is a multicenter, retrospective analysis of the activity of single-agent MOC in patients with recurrent or residual epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary. Eligible patients were continuously treated with MOC at 50 mg/day until progression, toxicity, or death. Overall response rate (ORR), stable disease (SD), and disease control rate (DCR) were reported. Results: The study included 62 patients. Three patients reached a complete response rate (5%), 11 had a partial response rate (18), and 15 had stabilization of disease (24) for an ORR of 23% and a DCR of 47%. Patients with low-grade indolent tumors showed an ORR and an SD rate higher than that observed in non-indolent ones (33% vs. 18% and 28% vs. 14%, respectively). Overall, progression-free survival was 3.5 months (range 1–9 months). Conclusion: Single-agent MOC is active and very well tolerated in a significant fraction of patients with refractory, recurrent, or residual epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer. In the vision of a practical approach, single-agent MOC may be a useful palliative treatment option for patients with poor tolerance to high-dose regimens or widely pretreated. Further studies are needed better to characterize the role of such an approach in clinical practice.

A retrospective, real-life analysis of metronomic oral single-agent cyclophosphamide for the treatment of platinum-pretreated advanced ovarian carcinoma in Italy

Martorana F.;Scandurra G.;Vigneri P.;Sano M. V.;Scollo P.
2024-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Metronomic oral cyclophosphamide (MOC) presents many potential advantages, such as significantly less severe side effects than standard regimens, ease of administration, and the delivery of a dose-dense but not necessarily dose-intense treatment. These observations prompted us to evaluate in a retrospective, multicenter study the efficacy and toxicity of MOC in a real-life series of pretreated cancer patients. Methods: The study is a multicenter, retrospective analysis of the activity of single-agent MOC in patients with recurrent or residual epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary. Eligible patients were continuously treated with MOC at 50 mg/day until progression, toxicity, or death. Overall response rate (ORR), stable disease (SD), and disease control rate (DCR) were reported. Results: The study included 62 patients. Three patients reached a complete response rate (5%), 11 had a partial response rate (18), and 15 had stabilization of disease (24) for an ORR of 23% and a DCR of 47%. Patients with low-grade indolent tumors showed an ORR and an SD rate higher than that observed in non-indolent ones (33% vs. 18% and 28% vs. 14%, respectively). Overall, progression-free survival was 3.5 months (range 1–9 months). Conclusion: Single-agent MOC is active and very well tolerated in a significant fraction of patients with refractory, recurrent, or residual epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer. In the vision of a practical approach, single-agent MOC may be a useful palliative treatment option for patients with poor tolerance to high-dose regimens or widely pretreated. Further studies are needed better to characterize the role of such an approach in clinical practice.
2024
advanced ovarian cancer
low-grade indolent tumors
metronomic chemotherapy
Oral cyclophosphamide
toxicity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/618194
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