Background: The pathophysiological impact of systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and pressure–strain loop-derived global myocardial work index (GWI) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR) has been randomly investigated. Methods: Both SVR and GWI were assessed in outpatients consecutively referred at two Italian cardiology departments for heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), affected by either nonobstructive HCM or wild-type ATTR. Based on relevant cross-tabulations, the patients were gathered into 4 functional classes according to cut-off values of 1440 dyne/s/cm−5 for SVR, and 1576 mm Hg% for GWI, as suggested by previous studies. Results: A total of 60 patients, 30 in each group, aged 61 ± 16 years, with 78% males, were studied. HCM patients were younger than those with ATTR and in a better clinical condition (23% HCM vs. 77% ATTR were NYHA class II-III, p < 0.001). Overall, 51 patients (85%) showed a high SVR, 21/30 HCM (70%), and 30 ATTR (100%) (p < 0.005). Both SVR and GWI (expressions of ventricular–arterial coupling) were impaired in 43% of HCM patients (showing greater LV concentric hypertrophy) and 93% of ATTR patients (in advanced NYHA functional class) (p < 0.001). Conclusions: A substantial percentage of present study population showed impaired SVR and/or GWI, despite preserved LVEF. The proposed classification may shed

Systemic Vascular Resistance and Myocardial Work Analysis in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis with Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction.

† Giancarlo Trimarchi
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Denise Cristiana Faro
Data Curation
;
Fabrizio De Gaetano
Investigation
;
Ines Paola Monte
Penultimo
Formal Analysis
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: The pathophysiological impact of systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and pressure–strain loop-derived global myocardial work index (GWI) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR) has been randomly investigated. Methods: Both SVR and GWI were assessed in outpatients consecutively referred at two Italian cardiology departments for heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), affected by either nonobstructive HCM or wild-type ATTR. Based on relevant cross-tabulations, the patients were gathered into 4 functional classes according to cut-off values of 1440 dyne/s/cm−5 for SVR, and 1576 mm Hg% for GWI, as suggested by previous studies. Results: A total of 60 patients, 30 in each group, aged 61 ± 16 years, with 78% males, were studied. HCM patients were younger than those with ATTR and in a better clinical condition (23% HCM vs. 77% ATTR were NYHA class II-III, p < 0.001). Overall, 51 patients (85%) showed a high SVR, 21/30 HCM (70%), and 30 ATTR (100%) (p < 0.005). Both SVR and GWI (expressions of ventricular–arterial coupling) were impaired in 43% of HCM patients (showing greater LV concentric hypertrophy) and 93% of ATTR patients (in advanced NYHA functional class) (p < 0.001). Conclusions: A substantial percentage of present study population showed impaired SVR and/or GWI, despite preserved LVEF. The proposed classification may shed
2024
cardiac amyloidosis, heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, systemic vascular resistance, strain echocardiography, ventricular arterial coupling
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/619112
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