In the present study we evaluated the effects of NO synthase (NOS) induction on the regulation of cytochrome c oxidase (CO) and F0F1-ATPase subunit expression in astroglial and mixed cortical cell cultures. In mixed cortical cell cultures, 18 h of treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 0.1 mu g/mL) plus interferon-gamma (INF gamma, 10 U/mL) caused an increase of mRNAs for CO-I, F0F1-ATPase 6 and also for iNOS at 20 DIV. The induction of both CO-I and F0F1-ATPase 6 was abolished by the NOS inhibitor N-monomethyl-L-arginine (NMMA) or by the enzymatic scavenger superoxide dismutase/catalase (SOD/CAT). In primary astroglial cell cultures, treatment for 18 h with increasing concentrations of LPS and INF gamma, produced an increase in the amount of mitochondrial encoded CO-I and -II subunits, with no significant modifications of nuclear encoded subunit An increase was also observed at level of transcription for CO-I and -II, and F0F1-ATPase 6 mRNAs. These effects were abolished by addition of NMMA or SOD/CAT mRNA induction of CO-I was higher in mixed cortical than in astroglial cell cultures while that of F0F1-ATPase 6 was similar in both cell types. These results suggest that the expression of mitochondrial encoded subunits (CO-I, CO-II and F0F1-ATPase 6) is up-regulated in response to oxygen and NO reactive species. The activity of cytochrome c oxidase decreased after LPS/INF gamma treatment in both astroglial and mixed cortical cultures. The activity of ATP synthase was unmodified, while ATP content drastically decreased after LPS/INF gamma treatment, in both astroglial and mixed cortical cultures. The enzymatic activities of catalase and Mn-SOD (mitochondrial) showed a significant increase after LPS/INF gamma treatment, which was abolished by MMMA. (C) Societe francaise de biochimie et biologie moleculaire / Elsevier, Paris.
|Titolo:||Effect of nitric oxide synthase induction on the expression of mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme subunits in mixed cortical and astroglial cell cultures|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|