Lipoic acid plays a crucial role as antioxidant and metabolic component of enzymes involved in glucose metabolism of different cell types. Choline alphoscerate(alpha-glyceryl-phosphoryl-choline [aGPC]) is a semisynthetic derivative of phosphatidylcholines representing, among acetilcholine precursors, a cholinergic drug. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of some proliferation and differentiation markers in 15 or 21 DIV astrocyte cultures treated with 50 microM (1)lipoic acid or (1/2)lipoicacid and/or 10 mM alphaGPC for 24 hr. In addition, we evaluated the possible genoprotective effect by analysis of DNA status detected by alkaline comet assay. The addition of single drugs [(+)lipoic acid, (+/-)lipoic acid, oralphaGPC] induced an “upward modulation” of the expressionof biomarkers used in our study. On the contrary, thecotreatment with either (+)lipoic acid1aGPC or (+/-)lipoic + alphaGPC surprisingly showed no significant modificationor even a downregulation of the above-mentionedbiomarkers. This latter finding demonstrated no additional effect after the cotreatment with both drugs with respect to the single treatments alone. Further studies are necessaryto clarify the specific mechanism evoked by theprocessing of these neuroprotective agents in our in vitro models. Finally, these preliminary findings may represent a good tool with which to clarify the antioxidant and metabolic roles played by lipoic acid in proliferating and differentiating astroglial cell cultures, during an interactive cross-talk between glial and neuronal cells, after brain lesions or damage correlated with oxidative stress that may occur in some degenerative diseases.

Effect of Lipoic Acid and alpha-Glyceryl-Phosphoryl-Choline on Astroglial Cell Proliferation and Differentiation in Primary Culture

Grasso S;Bramanti V;Bronzi D;MALFA, GIUSEPPE;RENIS, Marcella;AVOLA, Roberto
2014

Abstract

Lipoic acid plays a crucial role as antioxidant and metabolic component of enzymes involved in glucose metabolism of different cell types. Choline alphoscerate(alpha-glyceryl-phosphoryl-choline [aGPC]) is a semisynthetic derivative of phosphatidylcholines representing, among acetilcholine precursors, a cholinergic drug. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of some proliferation and differentiation markers in 15 or 21 DIV astrocyte cultures treated with 50 microM (1)lipoic acid or (1/2)lipoicacid and/or 10 mM alphaGPC for 24 hr. In addition, we evaluated the possible genoprotective effect by analysis of DNA status detected by alkaline comet assay. The addition of single drugs [(+)lipoic acid, (+/-)lipoic acid, oralphaGPC] induced an “upward modulation” of the expressionof biomarkers used in our study. On the contrary, thecotreatment with either (+)lipoic acid1aGPC or (+/-)lipoic + alphaGPC surprisingly showed no significant modificationor even a downregulation of the above-mentionedbiomarkers. This latter finding demonstrated no additional effect after the cotreatment with both drugs with respect to the single treatments alone. Further studies are necessaryto clarify the specific mechanism evoked by theprocessing of these neuroprotective agents in our in vitro models. Finally, these preliminary findings may represent a good tool with which to clarify the antioxidant and metabolic roles played by lipoic acid in proliferating and differentiating astroglial cell cultures, during an interactive cross-talk between glial and neuronal cells, after brain lesions or damage correlated with oxidative stress that may occur in some degenerative diseases.
Lipoic acid; alphaGPC; Astroglial cell cultures
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/62014
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