The human skin barrier is structurally and functionally immature at birth, with elevated skin surface pH, lower lipid content, and lower resistance to chemicals and pathogens. Infants at risk for atopic dermatitis (AD) may present with xerosis almost immediately after birth. The current algorithm on skincare for newborns and infants aims to promote a healthy skin barrier and potential mitigation of AD. The project used a modified Delphi hybrid process comprising face-to-face discussions followed by an online follow-up replacing a questionnaire. During the meeting, a panel of eight clinicians who treat newborns and infants discussed the systematic literature review results and a draft algorithm addressing non-prescription skincare for neonates and infants. Online the panel reviewed and adopted the algorithm using evidence coupled with the panel’s expert opinion and clinical experience. The algorithm provides clinical information for pediatric dermatologists, dermatologists, and pediatric healthcare providers treating neonates and infants. The advisors adopted a scale based on clinical signs for the algorithm: 1) scaling/ xerosis; 2) erythema; and 3) erosion/oozing. Skincare for newborns and infants includes: aim for a cool environment and soft cotton clothing, give lukewarm baths (~5 min, 2-3 x week) with consideration of a gentle cleanser (pH 4-6) and the application of a full-body moisturizing after bath, while avoiding products with toxic and irritating ingredients. A growing body of evidence recognizes the benefits of ongoing daily use of non-alkaline cleansers and moisturizers. Gentle cleansers and moisturizers containing barrier lipids help maintain the protective skin barrier when applied from birth onwards.

Algorithm to attenuate atopic dermatitis and for promoting a healthy skin barrier using skincare in newborns and infants

Micali G.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The human skin barrier is structurally and functionally immature at birth, with elevated skin surface pH, lower lipid content, and lower resistance to chemicals and pathogens. Infants at risk for atopic dermatitis (AD) may present with xerosis almost immediately after birth. The current algorithm on skincare for newborns and infants aims to promote a healthy skin barrier and potential mitigation of AD. The project used a modified Delphi hybrid process comprising face-to-face discussions followed by an online follow-up replacing a questionnaire. During the meeting, a panel of eight clinicians who treat newborns and infants discussed the systematic literature review results and a draft algorithm addressing non-prescription skincare for neonates and infants. Online the panel reviewed and adopted the algorithm using evidence coupled with the panel’s expert opinion and clinical experience. The algorithm provides clinical information for pediatric dermatologists, dermatologists, and pediatric healthcare providers treating neonates and infants. The advisors adopted a scale based on clinical signs for the algorithm: 1) scaling/ xerosis; 2) erythema; and 3) erosion/oozing. Skincare for newborns and infants includes: aim for a cool environment and soft cotton clothing, give lukewarm baths (~5 min, 2-3 x week) with consideration of a gentle cleanser (pH 4-6) and the application of a full-body moisturizing after bath, while avoiding products with toxic and irritating ingredients. A growing body of evidence recognizes the benefits of ongoing daily use of non-alkaline cleansers and moisturizers. Gentle cleansers and moisturizers containing barrier lipids help maintain the protective skin barrier when applied from birth onwards.
2023
Algorithms
Ceramides
Dermatitis, atopic
Infant, newborn
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/620909
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