Introduction: Rosacea is a common, chronic and relapsing inflammatory skin disease of the centrofacial area. Despite advancing knowledge on its pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment, some major unknowns still remain, including systematic evidence-based guidelines useful both for clinical assessment and therapeutic management. Topical treatment is regarded as a first-line option for mild to moderate rosacea and includes traditional and new FDA-approved prescription drugs, as well as off-label alternative topical agents. Areas covered: Since improved awareness of rosacea pathogenetic mechanisms has led to the development of new potential therapeutic agents, a search was performed on the ClinicalTrial.gov registry. The results identified several investigational topical drugs able to target one or more of the pathogenetic factors of rosacea. Expert opinion: The main unmet needs in the topical treatment of rosacea remain the management of vasomotor flushes and telangiectasias, as well as of troublesome symptoms such as burning and/or stinging. No single agent effective on all rosacea phenotypes is available so far, and preventive treatments capable of halting disease progression have not been identified yet. Finally, data on long-term efficacy and tolerability are still incomplete, especially for drugs more recently introduced in the market.

Emerging topical drugs for the treatment of rosacea

Dall'Oglio F.;Nasca M. R.;Micali G.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Rosacea is a common, chronic and relapsing inflammatory skin disease of the centrofacial area. Despite advancing knowledge on its pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment, some major unknowns still remain, including systematic evidence-based guidelines useful both for clinical assessment and therapeutic management. Topical treatment is regarded as a first-line option for mild to moderate rosacea and includes traditional and new FDA-approved prescription drugs, as well as off-label alternative topical agents. Areas covered: Since improved awareness of rosacea pathogenetic mechanisms has led to the development of new potential therapeutic agents, a search was performed on the ClinicalTrial.gov registry. The results identified several investigational topical drugs able to target one or more of the pathogenetic factors of rosacea. Expert opinion: The main unmet needs in the topical treatment of rosacea remain the management of vasomotor flushes and telangiectasias, as well as of troublesome symptoms such as burning and/or stinging. No single agent effective on all rosacea phenotypes is available so far, and preventive treatments capable of halting disease progression have not been identified yet. Finally, data on long-term efficacy and tolerability are still incomplete, especially for drugs more recently introduced in the market.
2021
Emerging drugs
mechanism-based treatment
new treatments
pharmacotherapy
rosacea
topical treatment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/620998
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