Introduction: Rosacea is a chronic and relapsing facial dermatosis that encompasses a wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes (transient/persistent erythema, telangiectasias, papules/pustules, edema, phymatous changes, and ocular symptoms) often with uncomfortable symptoms such as flushing, pain, burning, edema, and dryness. Current pharmacological treatment includes topical agents, spanning from several conventional (azelaic acid, metronidazole, sodium sulfacetamide) to new ones (brimonidine, oxymetazoline, ivermectine, minocycline), and systemic agents (doxycycline 40 mg modified-release), all Food and Drug Administration approved. Areas covered: The aim of our article is to review the state of art of pharmacological treatment, either as monotherapy or in combination therapy, tailored to the most common rosacea phenotypes (persistent erythema, inflammatory papules/pustules). Other off-label topical or systemic drugs and several adjuvant phytotherapeutic agents are considered. Expert opinion: Combined therapies to target different phenotypes, when present in the same patient, represent one of the major achievements in the management of vascular and inflammatory papules and pustules of rosacea. Future investigations should be addressed to early inflammatory phyma or ocular rosacea, which have actually been neglected. Finally, there is still an ongoing need for therapeutic interventions able to relieve symptoms and social burden, all factors that greatly contribute to improve rosacea quality of life.

Advances in pharmacotherapy for rosacea: what is the current state of the art?

Dall'Oglio F.;Nasca M. R.;Micali G.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Rosacea is a chronic and relapsing facial dermatosis that encompasses a wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes (transient/persistent erythema, telangiectasias, papules/pustules, edema, phymatous changes, and ocular symptoms) often with uncomfortable symptoms such as flushing, pain, burning, edema, and dryness. Current pharmacological treatment includes topical agents, spanning from several conventional (azelaic acid, metronidazole, sodium sulfacetamide) to new ones (brimonidine, oxymetazoline, ivermectine, minocycline), and systemic agents (doxycycline 40 mg modified-release), all Food and Drug Administration approved. Areas covered: The aim of our article is to review the state of art of pharmacological treatment, either as monotherapy or in combination therapy, tailored to the most common rosacea phenotypes (persistent erythema, inflammatory papules/pustules). Other off-label topical or systemic drugs and several adjuvant phytotherapeutic agents are considered. Expert opinion: Combined therapies to target different phenotypes, when present in the same patient, represent one of the major achievements in the management of vascular and inflammatory papules and pustules of rosacea. Future investigations should be addressed to early inflammatory phyma or ocular rosacea, which have actually been neglected. Finally, there is still an ongoing need for therapeutic interventions able to relieve symptoms and social burden, all factors that greatly contribute to improve rosacea quality of life.
2022
pharmacotherapy
Rosacea
systemic treatment
topical treatment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/621005
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