Background: The favorable role of SBRT for lymph-nodal oligometastases from prostate cancer has been reported by several retrospective and prospective experiences, suggesting a more indolent natural history of disease when compared to patients with bone oligometastases. This retrospective multicenter study evaluates the outcomes of a cohort of patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy for lymph-nodal oligometastases. Methods: Inclusion criteria were up to five lymph-nodal oligometastases detected either with Choline-PET or PSMA-PET in patients naive for ADT or already ongoing with systemic therapy and at least 6 Gy per fraction for SBRT. Only patients with exclusive lymph-nodal disease were included. The primary endpoint of the study was LC; a toxicity assessment was retrospectively performed following CTCAE v4.0. Results: A total of 100 lymph-nodal oligometastases in 69 patients have been treated with SBRT between April 2015 and November 2022. The median age was 73 years (range, 60-85). Oligometastatic disease was mainly detected with Choline-PET in 47 cases, while the remaining were diagnosed using PSMA-PET, with most of the patients treated to a single lymph-nodal metastasis (48/69 cases), two in 14 cases, and three in the remaining cases. The median PSA prior to SBRT was 1.35 ng/mL (range, 0.3-23.7 ng/mL). Patients received SBRT with a median total dose of 35 Gy (range, 30-40 Gy) in a median number of 5 (range, 3-6) fractions. With a median follow-up of 16 months (range, 7-59 months), our LC rates were 95.8% and 86.3% at 1 and 2 years. DPFS rates were 90.4% and 53.4%, respectively, at 1 and 2 years, with nine patients developing a sequential oligometastatic disease treated with a second course of SBRT. Polymetastatic disease-free survival (PMFS) at 1 and 2 years was 98% and 96%. Six patients needed ADT after SBRT for a median time of ADT-free survival of 15 months (range, 6-22 months). The median OS was 16 months (range, 7-59) with 1- and 2-year rates of both 98%. In multivariate analysis, higher LC rates and the use of PSMA-PET were related to improved DPFS rates, and OS was significantly related to a lower incidence of distant progression. No G3 or higher adverse events were reported. Conclusions: In our experience, lymph-nodal SBRT for oligometastatic prostate cancer is a safe and effective option for ADT delay with no severe toxicity.

Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Lymph-Nodal Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer: A Multicenter Retrospective Experience

Cuccia F.;Mortellaro G.;Iudica A.;Ferini G.;Spatola C.;Fazio I.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: The favorable role of SBRT for lymph-nodal oligometastases from prostate cancer has been reported by several retrospective and prospective experiences, suggesting a more indolent natural history of disease when compared to patients with bone oligometastases. This retrospective multicenter study evaluates the outcomes of a cohort of patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy for lymph-nodal oligometastases. Methods: Inclusion criteria were up to five lymph-nodal oligometastases detected either with Choline-PET or PSMA-PET in patients naive for ADT or already ongoing with systemic therapy and at least 6 Gy per fraction for SBRT. Only patients with exclusive lymph-nodal disease were included. The primary endpoint of the study was LC; a toxicity assessment was retrospectively performed following CTCAE v4.0. Results: A total of 100 lymph-nodal oligometastases in 69 patients have been treated with SBRT between April 2015 and November 2022. The median age was 73 years (range, 60-85). Oligometastatic disease was mainly detected with Choline-PET in 47 cases, while the remaining were diagnosed using PSMA-PET, with most of the patients treated to a single lymph-nodal metastasis (48/69 cases), two in 14 cases, and three in the remaining cases. The median PSA prior to SBRT was 1.35 ng/mL (range, 0.3-23.7 ng/mL). Patients received SBRT with a median total dose of 35 Gy (range, 30-40 Gy) in a median number of 5 (range, 3-6) fractions. With a median follow-up of 16 months (range, 7-59 months), our LC rates were 95.8% and 86.3% at 1 and 2 years. DPFS rates were 90.4% and 53.4%, respectively, at 1 and 2 years, with nine patients developing a sequential oligometastatic disease treated with a second course of SBRT. Polymetastatic disease-free survival (PMFS) at 1 and 2 years was 98% and 96%. Six patients needed ADT after SBRT for a median time of ADT-free survival of 15 months (range, 6-22 months). The median OS was 16 months (range, 7-59) with 1- and 2-year rates of both 98%. In multivariate analysis, higher LC rates and the use of PSMA-PET were related to improved DPFS rates, and OS was significantly related to a lower incidence of distant progression. No G3 or higher adverse events were reported. Conclusions: In our experience, lymph-nodal SBRT for oligometastatic prostate cancer is a safe and effective option for ADT delay with no severe toxicity.
2023
lymphnodes
oligometastases
prostate cancer
stereotactic radiotherapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/623689
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