The hydraulic behaviour and effluent pollutant concentrations in a pilot-scale two-stage subsurface flowconstructedwetland for treatment ofmunicipalwastewater have been simulated. The experimental pilot plant is located in San Michele di Ganzaria (Eastern Sicily) and consists of four lines of two-stage subsurface flow constructed wetlands for secondary or tertiary treatment of municipal wastewater. The first stage, for each line, consists of a horizontal flow bed, while in the second stage a vertical flow bed operates for two lines and a horizontal flow bed for the other two. Phragmites sp. was used as vegetation in two lines while the other two lines are without plants. The HYDRUS-2D software was applied to describe flow and single-solute transport, while the multi-component reactive transport module CW2D was used to model the transformation and elimination processes of organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus. Tracer studies and chemical wastewater analyses were carried out to calibrate and validate the transport model. In general, the simulation results obtained show a good match with the measured data for water flow, tracer experiments and pollutant removal processes.
|Titolo:||Modelling pollutant removal in a pilot-scale two-stage subsurface flow constructed wetlands|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|