Ribavirin, a nucleoside analogue that interferes with viral mRNA synthesis and inhibits the replication of RNA and DNA viruses, has been recently proposed as an effective immune response modulator. In the present report, we studied the effect of ribavirin on IL-12 p40 gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy subjects. We also studied ribavirin effects on PBMCs activated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) and treated with Leishmania donovani antigens. We provide evidence that ribavirin was able to up-regulate IL-12 p40 gene expression and to restore levels of IL-12 p40 gene expression and IL-12 secretion in fully activated PBMCs that were strongly inhibited by L. donovani antigens. Because effective management of leishmanial disease is usually associated with a prevalent T-helper 1 immune response with elevated production of IL-12,our preliminary results may be of particular interest, provided that they will be confirmed by further in vitro and in vivo studies, when considering a possible use of ribavirin as adjuvant in severe leishmanial disease.
|Titolo:||Ribavirin up-regulates IL12 p40 gene expression and restores IL12 levels in Leishmania-treated PBMCs|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|