CONTEXT:Increasing the lipophilicity and/or amphiphilicity of drugs is a potential strategy to improve loading and retention in lipid-based carriers, such as liposomes or lipid nanoparticles.OBJECTIVE:Idebenone (IDE), an antioxidant compound structurally related to coenzyme Q, or amphiphilic prodrugs of IDE with lipoamino acids, were loaded in neutral or negatively charged SUVET unilamellar liposomes to achieve a controlled release.METHODS:Technological properties of these systems in the presence of loaded drugs were evaluated in terms of vesicle size, homogeneity, and surface charge, as well as in vitro drug release. The effect of liposomal carrier on the in vitro antioxidant activity of the prodrugs was evaluated from using different biochemical assays on murine astrocyte cultures.RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:Although a good loading efficiency was obtained, liposomes were not able to release efficiently the encapsulated drugs, at least in the in vitro serum-free conditions used for the biological tests. However, in some cases, such as in the comet assay, encapsulation of IDE prodrugs in liposomes allowed for the improvement of their protective activity, compared to the free compounds, against the oxidative damage induced on cultured astrocytes.CONCLUSIONS:Experimental in vitro data suggested that the high affinity shown by these lipophilic IDE derivatives for the liposomal carriers negatively affect their biological activity.
|Titolo:||Effects of liposomal encapsulation on the antioxidant activity of lipophilic prodrugs of idebenone|
|Autori interni:||CAMPISI, Agatina|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF LIPOSOME RESEARCH|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|