The Pierre Auger Observatory is a hybrid detector for ultra-high energy cosmic rays. It combines a surface array to measure secondary particles at ground level together with a fluorescence detector to measure the development of air showers in the atmosphere above the array. The fluorescence detector comprises 24 large telescopes specialized for measuring the nitrogen fluorescence caused by charged particles of cosmic ray air showers. In this paper we describe the components of the fluorescence detector including its optical system, the design of the camera, the electronics, and the systems for relative and absolute calibration. We also discuss the operation and the monitoring of the detector. Finally, we evaluate the detector performance and precision of shower reconstructions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved. RI Dias, Sandra/F-8134-2010; Caramete, Laurentiu/C-2328-2011; Dutan, Ioana/C-2337-2011; Aramo, Carla/D-4317-2011; Beatty, James/D-9310-2011; Pesce, Roberto/G-5791-2011; Kemp, Ernesto/H-1502-2011; Chiavassa, Andrea/A-7597-2012; Verzi, Valerio/B-1149-2012; Chinellato, Carola Dobrigkeit /F-2540-2011; Venters, Tonia/D-2936-2012; Barbosa, Henrique/F-3499-2012; Fauth, Anderson/F-9570-2012; Todero Peixoto, Carlos Jose/G-3873-2012; de souza, Vitor/D-1381-2012; Shellard, Ronald/G-4825-2012; Wiebusch, Christopher/G-6490-2012; Petrolini, Alessandro/H-3782-2011; Miele, Gennaro/F-3628-2010; Muller, Marcio Aparecido/H-9112-2012; fulgione, walter/I-5232-2012; D'Urso, Domenico/I-5325-2012; Bleve, Carla/J-2521-2012; martello, daniele/J-3131-2012; Valino, Ines/J-8324-2012; Brogueira, Pedro/K-3868-2012; Chinellato, Jose Augusto/I-7972-2012; Tamburro, Alessio/A-5703-2013; Yushkov, Alexey/A-6958-2013; Kopmann, Andreas/B-3454-2013; Falcke, Heino/H-5262-2012; Arneodo, Francesco/B-8076-2013; Anjos, Joao/C-8335-2013; Sarkar, Subir/G-5978-2011; Schussler, Fabian/G-5313-2013 OI Shellard, Ronald/0000-0002-2983-1815; D'Urso, Domenico/0000-0002-8215-4542; Brogueira, Pedro/0000-0001-6069-4073; Falcke, Heino/0000-0002-2526-6724; Arneodo, Francesco/0000-0002-1061-0510; Sarkar, Subir/0000-0002-3542-858X; Schussler, Fabian/0000-0003-1500-6571

The Pierre Auger Observatory is a hybrid detector for ultra-high energy cosmic rays. It combines a surface array to measure secondary particles at ground level together with a fluorescence detector to measure the development of air showers in the atmosphere above the array. The fluorescence detector comprises 24 large telescopes specialized for measuring the nitrogen fluorescence caused by charged particles of cosmic ray air showers. In this paper we describe the components of the fluorescence detector including its optical system, the design of the camera, the electronics, and the systems for relative and absolute calibration. We also discuss the operation and the monitoring of the detector. Finally, we evaluate the detector performance and precision of shower reconstructions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.

The fluorescence detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory

CARUSO, ROSSELLA;INSOLIA, Antonio;PIRRONELLO, Valerio;
2010-01-01

Abstract

The Pierre Auger Observatory is a hybrid detector for ultra-high energy cosmic rays. It combines a surface array to measure secondary particles at ground level together with a fluorescence detector to measure the development of air showers in the atmosphere above the array. The fluorescence detector comprises 24 large telescopes specialized for measuring the nitrogen fluorescence caused by charged particles of cosmic ray air showers. In this paper we describe the components of the fluorescence detector including its optical system, the design of the camera, the electronics, and the systems for relative and absolute calibration. We also discuss the operation and the monitoring of the detector. Finally, we evaluate the detector performance and precision of shower reconstructions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.
2010
The Pierre Auger Observatory is a hybrid detector for ultra-high energy cosmic rays. It combines a surface array to measure secondary particles at ground level together with a fluorescence detector to measure the development of air showers in the atmosphere above the array. The fluorescence detector comprises 24 large telescopes specialized for measuring the nitrogen fluorescence caused by charged particles of cosmic ray air showers. In this paper we describe the components of the fluorescence detector including its optical system, the design of the camera, the electronics, and the systems for relative and absolute calibration. We also discuss the operation and the monitoring of the detector. Finally, we evaluate the detector performance and precision of shower reconstructions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved. RI Dias, Sandra/F-8134-2010; Caramete, Laurentiu/C-2328-2011; Dutan, Ioana/C-2337-2011; Aramo, Carla/D-4317-2011; Beatty, James/D-9310-2011; Pesce, Roberto/G-5791-2011; Kemp, Ernesto/H-1502-2011; Chiavassa, Andrea/A-7597-2012; Verzi, Valerio/B-1149-2012; Chinellato, Carola Dobrigkeit /F-2540-2011; Venters, Tonia/D-2936-2012; Barbosa, Henrique/F-3499-2012; Fauth, Anderson/F-9570-2012; Todero Peixoto, Carlos Jose/G-3873-2012; de souza, Vitor/D-1381-2012; Shellard, Ronald/G-4825-2012; Wiebusch, Christopher/G-6490-2012; Petrolini, Alessandro/H-3782-2011; Miele, Gennaro/F-3628-2010; Muller, Marcio Aparecido/H-9112-2012; fulgione, walter/I-5232-2012; D'Urso, Domenico/I-5325-2012; Bleve, Carla/J-2521-2012; martello, daniele/J-3131-2012; Valino, Ines/J-8324-2012; Brogueira, Pedro/K-3868-2012; Chinellato, Jose Augusto/I-7972-2012; Tamburro, Alessio/A-5703-2013; Yushkov, Alexey/A-6958-2013; Kopmann, Andreas/B-3454-2013; Falcke, Heino/H-5262-2012; Arneodo, Francesco/B-8076-2013; Anjos, Joao/C-8335-2013; Sarkar, Subir/G-5978-2011; Schussler, Fabian/G-5313-2013 OI Shellard, Ronald/0000-0002-2983-1815; D'Urso, Domenico/0000-0002-8215-4542; Brogueira, Pedro/0000-0001-6069-4073; Falcke, Heino/0000-0002-2526-6724; Arneodo, Francesco/0000-0002-1061-0510; Sarkar, Subir/0000-0002-3542-858X; Schussler, Fabian/0000-0003-1500-6571
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/7823
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