Advances researches in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood, adolescent and adult cancer have greatly increased the life expectancy of premenopausal women with cancer. However, one of the serious side effects of these treatments is the risk of damage to fertility. The ovaries are very sensitive to cytotoxic and radiotherapeutic treatment. The only established method of fertility preservation is embryo cryopreservation according to the Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (2005), but this option requires the patient to be of pubertal age, have a partner or use donor sperm, and be able to undergo a cycle of ovarian stimulation, which is not possible when the radiotherapy has to be initiated immediately or when stimulation is contraindicated according to the type of cancer. For patients who need immediate radiotherapy, cryopreservation of ovarian tissue is the only possible alternative. This manuscript reports the different techniques of cryopreservation and the results of transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue. The current techniques allow cryopreservation of human ovarian fragments for a long time with good follicular survival rate after thawing. Numerous studies ultimately in this field have demonstrated to improve the survival rate of the oocytes and cryopreserved follicles. Moreover this manuscript includes a case of a 17-year-old girl who had to undergo pelvic irradiation for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and the laparoscopic treatment to preserve the fertility (Fig. 2, Ref. 47).
|Titolo:||Protection of ovarian tissue from radiotherapy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|