Heat shock protein (HSP) 27 is a member of the small HSP family that plays a part in the regulation of epithelial cell growth and differentiation, wound healing, apoptosis and cell protection against inflammatory cytotoxicity mediators. Thus the expression of HSP27 was investigated immunohistochemically in periapical granulomas with epithelial rests of Malassez and in radicular cysts. Anti-HSP27 mouse monoclonal antibody and peroxidase-labeled streptavidin-biotin standard technique were used to study the expression of HSP27, proliferating epithelial cell rests, and islands of epithelium and epithelial lining of microcysts strongly reacted throughout all layers, whereas radicular cysts epithelial lining presented mainly a moderate suprabasal staining pattern. However both the proliferating epithelial cell rests and the radicular cysts shared an over-expression of HSP27 immunostaining intensity in coincidence with the presence of local infiltration of immune cells. HSP27 may play several roles in periapical lesions that include contributing to the migration of epithelial cell rests and an increased resistance both to necrotic and apoptotic cell deaths.

Heat shock protein 27 expression in the epithelium of periapical lesions

LEONARDI, Rosalia Maria;TRAVALI, Salvatore
2001

Abstract

Heat shock protein (HSP) 27 is a member of the small HSP family that plays a part in the regulation of epithelial cell growth and differentiation, wound healing, apoptosis and cell protection against inflammatory cytotoxicity mediators. Thus the expression of HSP27 was investigated immunohistochemically in periapical granulomas with epithelial rests of Malassez and in radicular cysts. Anti-HSP27 mouse monoclonal antibody and peroxidase-labeled streptavidin-biotin standard technique were used to study the expression of HSP27, proliferating epithelial cell rests, and islands of epithelium and epithelial lining of microcysts strongly reacted throughout all layers, whereas radicular cysts epithelial lining presented mainly a moderate suprabasal staining pattern. However both the proliferating epithelial cell rests and the radicular cysts shared an over-expression of HSP27 immunostaining intensity in coincidence with the presence of local infiltration of immune cells. HSP27 may play several roles in periapical lesions that include contributing to the migration of epithelial cell rests and an increased resistance both to necrotic and apoptotic cell deaths.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/8468
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