The olive oil phenol hydroxytyrosol (3), as well its metabolite homovanillic alcohol (4), were subjected to chemoselective lipase-catalysed acylations, affording with good yield 10 derivatives (5-14) bearing C-2, C-3, C-4, C-10 and C-18 acyl chains at C-1. Hydroxytyrosol (3) and its lipophilic derivatives showed very good DPPH radical scavenging activity. Compounds 3, 4 and their lipophilic analogues 5-14 were subjected to the atypical Comet test on whole blood cells: 3 and its analogues 5 and 6, with little hydrophobic character (logP <= 1.20), showed a good protective effect against H2O2 induced oxidative DNA damage. The homovanillic alcohol 4 and its analogues 10-14 resulted scarcely effective both as radical scavengers and antioxidant agents. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Hydroxytyrosol lipophilic analogues: Enzymatic synthesis, radical scavenging activity and DNA oxidative damage protection|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|