Biliary cystadenoma is a very rare hepatic neoplasm, accounting for fewer than 5% of cystic neoplasms of the liver; regardless of the various diagnostic modalities, such a lesion may be difficult to distinguish preoperatively from a cystadenocarcinoma. Although a diagnosis of cystadenoma during open hepatic surgery demands a complete surgical resection, there are few reports describing the correct approach to such lesions after a laparoscopic approach. This article presents the first case series of incidental cystadenoma after laparoscopic surgery for hepatic cystic lesions. One patient with a polycystic liver disease treated with a laparoscopic enucleation of the larger cyst declined the reintervention after the diagnosis of cystadenoma; she had no recurrence at follow-up. One patient with a large simple hepatic cyst laparoscopically enucleated had no recurrence at the 18-month follow-up. In one patient, there was a high suspicion of recurrence of cystadenoma after the laparoscopic fenestration of a large cyst, but a histopathological specimen obtained after the open surgical resection could not confirm any signs of cystadenoma. The incidental finding of biliary cystadenoma after laparoscopic fenestration of a cystic hepatic lesion requires an open hepatic resection. When a complete laparoscopic enucleation of the cyst may be assured, a strict clinical, biochemical, and radiologic follow-up could be considered as the definitive treatment, demanding the surgical intervention only in case of recurrence or high suspicion for malignancy.

Incidental cystadenoma after laparoscopic treatment of hepatic cysts: Which strategy?

VEROUX, Massimiliano;BUFFONE, Antonino;
2004

Abstract

Biliary cystadenoma is a very rare hepatic neoplasm, accounting for fewer than 5% of cystic neoplasms of the liver; regardless of the various diagnostic modalities, such a lesion may be difficult to distinguish preoperatively from a cystadenocarcinoma. Although a diagnosis of cystadenoma during open hepatic surgery demands a complete surgical resection, there are few reports describing the correct approach to such lesions after a laparoscopic approach. This article presents the first case series of incidental cystadenoma after laparoscopic surgery for hepatic cystic lesions. One patient with a polycystic liver disease treated with a laparoscopic enucleation of the larger cyst declined the reintervention after the diagnosis of cystadenoma; she had no recurrence at follow-up. One patient with a large simple hepatic cyst laparoscopically enucleated had no recurrence at the 18-month follow-up. In one patient, there was a high suspicion of recurrence of cystadenoma after the laparoscopic fenestration of a large cyst, but a histopathological specimen obtained after the open surgical resection could not confirm any signs of cystadenoma. The incidental finding of biliary cystadenoma after laparoscopic fenestration of a cystic hepatic lesion requires an open hepatic resection. When a complete laparoscopic enucleation of the cyst may be assured, a strict clinical, biochemical, and radiologic follow-up could be considered as the definitive treatment, demanding the surgical intervention only in case of recurrence or high suspicion for malignancy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/9792
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