Well aligned, long and uniform ZnO nanorods have been reproducibly fabricated adopting a two-steps Metal- Organic Chemical Vapour Deposition (MOCVD) and Chemical Bath Deposition (CBD) fabrication approaches. Thin (b100 nm) ZnO buffer layers have been seeded on silicon substrates by MOCVD and ZnO layers have been subsequently grown, in form of well textured nanorods, using CBD. It has been found that the structure and thickness of the seed layer strongly influence the final morphology and the crystal texturing of ZnO nanorods as well as the CBD growth rate. There is, in addition, a strong correlation between morphologies of CBD grown ZnO nanorods and those of the seed layer underneath. Thus, nanorods deposited over low temperature MOCVD buffer layers are less homogeneous in lateral dimensions and poorly vertically oriented. On the contrary, higher temperature nano-dimensional ZnO seeds favour the CBD growth of almost monodimensional homologue nanorods, with an adequate control of the lateral transport of matter. The nanorod aspect ratio values decrease upon increasing the deposition temperatures of the seed layers. Moreover, the nanorods length can be tailored either by adjusting the CBD growth time or by changing concentration of the N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine ligand used in the CBD process. In particular, at high concentrations, the CBD process is faster with a greater global aspect ratio in agreement with a preferential one-dimensional growth of the ZnO nanostructures. Finally, these ZnO nanorod arrays possess good optical quality in accordance to the photoluminescence properties.
|Titolo:||Effects of metal-organic chemical vapour deposition grown seed layer on the fabrication of well aligned ZnO nanorods by Chemical Bath Deposition|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|