The reconstruction of the extensional active tectonic structures on the eastern flank of Mt. Etna and of the related earthquakes, allowed the analysis of fault parameters for more than 50 episodes of coseismic ground rupture for the last 250 years. The calculation of statistical relationships among earthquakes magnitude, surface rupture length, surface fault displacement and their combination was performed. Moreover we found out that the minimum earthquake magnitude to have ground rupture effect is ca. 2.5. We were therefore able to hypotesize a reduced seismogenic layer (5-6 km) under the lower eastern flank of the volcano. We also analysed structural and marine geology data to find further surface evidences of the volcano dynamics. We recognized for the fist time a local component of uplift affecting the volcanic domain at least in the last 20 ka with rate up to 3.5 mm/yr that is likely related to a volcanic dome effect. Coupling the two aspect, the seisomogical one and the morphostructural one, of our research we propose a local thinning of the brittle crust in this sector of Mt. Etna. The thermal effects of the uprising magma on the rheology of the crust rocks well explain all our observations.

New insights into the local crust structure of Mt. Etna volcano from seismological and morphotectonic data

DE GUIDI, GIORGIO;GRESTA, Stefano
2012

Abstract

The reconstruction of the extensional active tectonic structures on the eastern flank of Mt. Etna and of the related earthquakes, allowed the analysis of fault parameters for more than 50 episodes of coseismic ground rupture for the last 250 years. The calculation of statistical relationships among earthquakes magnitude, surface rupture length, surface fault displacement and their combination was performed. Moreover we found out that the minimum earthquake magnitude to have ground rupture effect is ca. 2.5. We were therefore able to hypotesize a reduced seismogenic layer (5-6 km) under the lower eastern flank of the volcano. We also analysed structural and marine geology data to find further surface evidences of the volcano dynamics. We recognized for the fist time a local component of uplift affecting the volcanic domain at least in the last 20 ka with rate up to 3.5 mm/yr that is likely related to a volcanic dome effect. Coupling the two aspect, the seisomogical one and the morphostructural one, of our research we propose a local thinning of the brittle crust in this sector of Mt. Etna. The thermal effects of the uprising magma on the rheology of the crust rocks well explain all our observations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/9981
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