Arsenic is a toxic and cancerogenic metalloid that poses a threat to food crop consumption. Previous studies have shown that grafting vegetables onto certain rootstocks may restrict the uptake of some toxic metals, such as cadmium, lead, and so on, but these studies did not investigate the uptake of arsenic. The aim of this work was to determine the following: i) if grafting can influence and reduce arsenic translocation in the root and/or aerial organs; ii) how tomato plants irrigated with arsenic-enriched nutrient solution (100 μg·L-1) accumulate this metalloid; and iii) if arsenic poses a potential risk to fruit quality. We found that differences in plant growth and the qualitative traits of fruits were mainly related to the adopted rootstock rather than to the addition of arsenic. Grafting influenced metalloid accumulation in roots and its translocation from roots to shoots and fruits. Tomato plants accumulated arsenic in their roots, and only a small portion was translocated to shoots and fruits, making the risk for human consumption negligible. Therefore, the uptake of this toxic element and its translocation are influenced by the rootstock utilized.
|Titolo:||Arsenic Uptake and Partitioning in Grafted Tomato Plants|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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