Background. Redo surgery for recurrent goiter is still now, even in experienced hands, followed by higher morbidity than primary total thyroidectomy. Suppressive Levothyroxine therapy failed to improve the recurrence rate, while inducing a subclinical hyperthyroidism. Aim of this study is to verify morbidity after total thyroidectomy for benign thyroid diseases, both primary and after recurrence. Materials and Methods. A series of 20 cases of total thyroidectomy for recurrent benign diseases (RG), performed between January 2001 and December 2013 was compared with 225 cases of primary total thyroidectomy (PT) . Cancers, even incidentally diagnosed, were excluded. At least a 12 months follow up was accomplished. Due to the small size of the sample for RG, statistical analysis was performed by Fisher test only. Results. Postoperative complications were Transient hypocalcemia: 5 (25%) in RG and 18 (8%) in PT, Permanent hypocalcemia only 2 (10%) in RG (significant for p < 0,05), Transient RLN deficit 5 (25 %) in RG and 6 (2.6%) in PT (significant for p < 0.05). Conclusions. Differences in incidence of perioperative complications cannot be advocated to justify a less than total thyroidectomy even in benign disease setting. The need for a redo surgery with its burden of morbidity is per se a good reason to avoid a conservative surgery. Further, suppressive therapy with Levothyroxine often fails to avoid recurrence, inducing in some cases a specific morbidity. Our experience confirms the results of our previous experiences and of literature on this topic: the best management of recurrent goiter is its prevention by primary total thyroidectomy.
|Titolo:||Total thyroidectomy: The first, the best. The recurrent goiter issue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|