BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GIST) are the most frequent mesenchymal tumour of the alimentary tract. Their prognosis is largely variable as are their size, mitotic rate and site, the stomach being mostly affected. Several risk classifications have been proposed: two developed by the NIH, one proposed by the AFIP and one presented by the AJCC in 2010. The objective of this study is to compare the accuracy of the three prognostic models (AJCC, NIH and AFIP) with regard to survival after surgery, also based on the different surgical approaches. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases of gastric GIST's performed at the General and Breast Surgery Unit of the Department of General Surgery the University of Catania and at the "Gemelli" General Surgery Unit of Taormina Hospital, Italy between 2001 and 2016 was conducted. The cases were reviewed and re- classified according to the three prognostic models. Analysis of data, including Kaplan-Meyer survival curves, was performed using SPSS version 21.0. RESULTS: Among a total of 1,625 gastrectomies and gastric resections were found 25 primary GIST's patients, 13 females, and 12 males, with a mean age 63 years. Cancer size varied between 1.5 cm and 37 cm and number of mitosis between 2 and 50/50 HPF. A total of 12 (48%) underwent sub-total gastrectomy (STG), seven (28%) underwent a wedge resection (WR), and 6 (12%) total Gastrectomy (TG). Twenty-three patients (92%) are currently alive at a follow up of 18 months to 17 years, and only two patients died during the long term follow-up. Both patients were AFIP high risk (6b), AJCC stage IV, already metastatic at the time of surgery. Both patients underwent total extended gastrectomy and therapy with imatinib, but died 8 and 9 years after surgery. Recurrences have been observed in 2 patients (8%), with high risk according to AFIP (6a) with AJCC stage IIIa disease. CONCLUSIONS: In localized GISTs R0 surgical resection is the standard therapy as it leads to excellent outcomes. Our findings suggest that all the three classifications considered are adequate to achieve a correct prognostic evaluation.
|Titolo:||Gastric GIST and prognostic models. Which is the best to predict survival after surgery?|
DI VITA, Maria Domenica (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|