The idea of investigating the fluid dynamic behavior of a ducted Savonius wind turbine derives from the research about the improvements of Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converters in which the air is forced to flow back and forth inside a duct. The Savonius rotors appeared to be very suitable for this kind of applications for many reasons. Indeed, these rotors are very simple to built, they are unidirectional respect to the incoming flow, they works well at low flow speed and they produce high torque which allow them to start at very low cut in velocities. By means of a CFD 2D numerical model, the present paper demonstrates the great potentialities offered by the use a Savonius wind turbine in Oscillating Water Column devices. The CFD model was developed and validated against experimental data, obtained in the subsonic wind tunnel owned by the University of Catania. The ducted rotor was simulated at different flow and rotational speed, in steady unidirectional condition which is of utmost importance as a first step in the more complex oscillating flow study.

CFD modeling of a ducted Savonius wind turbine for the evaluation of the blockage effects on rotor performance

Mauro, S.
;
Lanzafame, R.;Messina, M.
2019

Abstract

The idea of investigating the fluid dynamic behavior of a ducted Savonius wind turbine derives from the research about the improvements of Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converters in which the air is forced to flow back and forth inside a duct. The Savonius rotors appeared to be very suitable for this kind of applications for many reasons. Indeed, these rotors are very simple to built, they are unidirectional respect to the incoming flow, they works well at low flow speed and they produce high torque which allow them to start at very low cut in velocities. By means of a CFD 2D numerical model, the present paper demonstrates the great potentialities offered by the use a Savonius wind turbine in Oscillating Water Column devices. The CFD model was developed and validated against experimental data, obtained in the subsonic wind tunnel owned by the University of Catania. The ducted rotor was simulated at different flow and rotational speed, in steady unidirectional condition which is of utmost importance as a first step in the more complex oscillating flow study.
CFD; Ducted; Oscillating water column; Savonius; Wave energy; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/364879
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