Proteasome malfunction parallels abnormal amyloid accumulation in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Here we scrutinize a small library of pyrazolones by assaying their ability to enhance proteasome activity and protect neuronal cells from amyloid toxicity. Tube tests evidenced that aminopyrine and nifenazone behave as 20S proteasome activators. Enzyme assays carried out on an "open gate" mutant (α3ΔN) proteasome demonstrated that aminopyrine activates proteasome through binding the α-ring surfaces and influencing gating dynamics. Docking studies coupled with STD-NMR experiments showed that H-bonds and π-π stacking interactions between pyrazolones and the enzyme play a key role in bridging α1 to α2 and, alternatively, α5 to α6 subunits of the outer α-ring. Aminopyrine and nifenazone exhibit neurotrophic properties and protect differentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells from β-amyloid (Aβ) toxicity. ESI-MS studies confirmed that aminopyrine enhances Aβ degradation by proteasome in a dose-dependent manner. Our results suggest that some pyrazolones and, in particular, aminopyrine are promising compounds for the development of proteasome activators for AD treatment.

Pyrazolones activate proteasome by gating mechanisms and protect neuronal cells from Aβ amyloid toxicity

Valeria Lanza;Francesco Bellia;Grazia R. Tundo;Giuseppe Grasso
;
Mariaconcetta Arizzi;Vincenzo G. Nicoletti
;
Adriana Pietropaolo;Danilo Milardi
2020-01-01

Abstract

Proteasome malfunction parallels abnormal amyloid accumulation in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Here we scrutinize a small library of pyrazolones by assaying their ability to enhance proteasome activity and protect neuronal cells from amyloid toxicity. Tube tests evidenced that aminopyrine and nifenazone behave as 20S proteasome activators. Enzyme assays carried out on an "open gate" mutant (α3ΔN) proteasome demonstrated that aminopyrine activates proteasome through binding the α-ring surfaces and influencing gating dynamics. Docking studies coupled with STD-NMR experiments showed that H-bonds and π-π stacking interactions between pyrazolones and the enzyme play a key role in bridging α1 to α2 and, alternatively, α5 to α6 subunits of the outer α-ring. Aminopyrine and nifenazone exhibit neurotrophic properties and protect differentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells from β-amyloid (Aβ) toxicity. ESI-MS studies confirmed that aminopyrine enhances Aβ degradation by proteasome in a dose-dependent manner. Our results suggest that some pyrazolones and, in particular, aminopyrine are promising compounds for the development of proteasome activators for AD treatment.
2020
Neurodegeneration; Orphan drugs; Proteolysis; Proteostasis; Small molecules; Ubiquitin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/372085
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