Sigma receptors (σRs) are considered to be a significant and valid target for developing new medications to address several diseases. Their potential involvement in numerous central nervous system disorders, neuropathic pain, addiction, and cancer has been extensively reported. In particular, the σ2R has been identified as potential target for the development of pharmaceutical agents intended to treat the negative effects associated with drugs of abuse. As a continuation of our previous efforts to develop new selective σ2R ligands, a series of benzimidazolone derivatives were designed, synthesized, and characterized. The newly synthesized ligands were evaluated through in vitro radioligand binding assays to determine their affinity and selectivity towards both σ1 and σ2 receptors. Several derivatives displayed high affinity for the σ2R (Ki = 0.66–68.5 nM) and varied from preferring to selective, compared to σ1R (σ1/σ2 = 5.8–1139). Among them, compound 1-4-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]butyl-3-propyl-1,3-dihydrobenzimidazol-2-one dihydrochloride (14) displayed the ability to produce a dose-dependent reduction in the convulsive effects of cocaine in a rodent model after injecting 10 mg/kg (i.p.). These preliminary results support the use of selective σ2R ligands in the development of useful pharmacological tools or potential pharmacotherapies for cocaine toxicity.
|Titolo:||Benzimidazolone-based selective σ2 receptor ligands: Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|