Background: The Ilizarov external fixation technique has been widely used for the treatment of long-bone infected non-unions. After surgical infected bone resection, to allow filling of the remaining bone gap, biomaterials with antibacterial properties could be used. The aim of this study was to report outcomes of infected tibial non-unions treated using the Ilizarov technique and antibacterial bioactive glass. Methods: Between April 2009 and December 2014, 26 patients with infected tibial non-unions were treated with the Ilizarov technique and possible use of the bioactive glass, S53P4. The Association for the Study and Application of Methods of Ilizarov (ASAMI) criteria, a clinical and radiographic evaluating tool, was used for assessing the sample. Results: The average age at the start of treatment was 51 years. The mean follow-up time was 113 weeks. According to the ASAMI Functional Scoring System, 10 excellent (38.5%) cases and 12 good (46.1%) values were recorded. According to the ASAMI Radiological System, they were excellent in 16 (61.5%) cases and good in nine (34.6%). Conclusions: Treatment of infected tibial non-unions using the Ilizarov technique was effective in bone segment regeneration. To fill the remaining bone gap, additional bioactive glass S53P4 could be used, allowing a decrease in re-interventions and minimizing complications.

Treatment of Infected Tibial Non-Unions with Ilizarov Technique: A Case Series

Testa, Gianluca
Primo
;
Vescio, Andrea
Secondo
;
Costa, Danilo;Papotto, Giacomo;Gurrieri, Luca;Sessa, Giuseppe
Penultimo
;
Pavone, Vito
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: The Ilizarov external fixation technique has been widely used for the treatment of long-bone infected non-unions. After surgical infected bone resection, to allow filling of the remaining bone gap, biomaterials with antibacterial properties could be used. The aim of this study was to report outcomes of infected tibial non-unions treated using the Ilizarov technique and antibacterial bioactive glass. Methods: Between April 2009 and December 2014, 26 patients with infected tibial non-unions were treated with the Ilizarov technique and possible use of the bioactive glass, S53P4. The Association for the Study and Application of Methods of Ilizarov (ASAMI) criteria, a clinical and radiographic evaluating tool, was used for assessing the sample. Results: The average age at the start of treatment was 51 years. The mean follow-up time was 113 weeks. According to the ASAMI Functional Scoring System, 10 excellent (38.5%) cases and 12 good (46.1%) values were recorded. According to the ASAMI Radiological System, they were excellent in 16 (61.5%) cases and good in nine (34.6%). Conclusions: Treatment of infected tibial non-unions using the Ilizarov technique was effective in bone segment regeneration. To fill the remaining bone gap, additional bioactive glass S53P4 could be used, allowing a decrease in re-interventions and minimizing complications.
2020
ASAMI scoring system
Cierny–Mader classification
Ilizarov technique
bioactive glass
infected tibial non-union
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/482921
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