Global warming and air pollution affect the transmission pathway and the survival of viruses, altering the human immune system as well. The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic dramatically highlights the key roles of climate and air chemistry in viral epidemics. The elongated form of the Italian peninsula and the two major islands (the largest in Europe) is a perfect case study to assess some of these key roles, as the fate of the virus is mirroring the industrialisation in the continental part of our country. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5), geography and climate explain what is happening in Italy and support cleaner air actions to address efficiently other outbreaks. Besides the environmental factors, future works should also address the genetic difference among individuals to explain the spatial variability of the human response to viral infections.

Beyond virology: environmental constraints of the first wave of COVID-19 cases in Italy

Christian Mulder
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Erminia Conti
Secondo
Methodology
;
Salvatore Saccone
Penultimo
Resources
;
Concetta Federico
Ultimo
Resources
2021

Abstract

Global warming and air pollution affect the transmission pathway and the survival of viruses, altering the human immune system as well. The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic dramatically highlights the key roles of climate and air chemistry in viral epidemics. The elongated form of the Italian peninsula and the two major islands (the largest in Europe) is a perfect case study to assess some of these key roles, as the fate of the virus is mirroring the industrialisation in the continental part of our country. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5), geography and climate explain what is happening in Italy and support cleaner air actions to address efficiently other outbreaks. Besides the environmental factors, future works should also address the genetic difference among individuals to explain the spatial variability of the human response to viral infections.
COVID, fine particulate matter, PM2.5, viral infection, SARS-Cov-2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/500230
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