Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a multisystemic involvement. In TSC, reduced function of TSC1 and TSC2 genes products (hamartin and tuberin, respectively) leads to an hyperactivation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and to a consequent cell growth dysregulation. In TSC patients, neurological and neuropsychiatric manifestations, especially epilepsy and neuropsychiatric comorbidities such as autism or intellectual disability, represent the most disabling features. In particular, epilepsy occurrs up to 80% of patients, is often drug resistant and is frequently associated with neurological impairment. Due to the burden of this morbidity, different treatment strategies have been proposed with the purpose to make patients epilepsy free, such as the use of different antiepileptic drugs like vigabatrin, carbamazepine, valproic acid, and levetiracetam. More recently, a mTOR inhibitor (i.e. everolimus) has showed promising results in terms of seizures reduction.
|Titolo:||TSC1 and TSC2: Tuberous Sclerosis Complex and Its Related Epilepsy Phenotype|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|