Krabbe leukodystrophy (KD) is a neurodegenerative lysosomal disorder caused by mutations in the galactocerebrosidase (GALC) gene. Different clinical forms are described based on the age at onset. In reported series, the early infantile form (EIKD) accounts for more than 90% of the cases. The rarer late onset forms (LOKD) become manifest later than 6 months up to the adult age. We report clinical, imaging, mutational analysis and geographic data in a large cohort of individuals with Krabbe disease examined over a 30-year period. Retrospective analyses of disease onset and long-term follow-up were conducted in 26 KD patients. Molecular analysis was performed in 12 patients and their families. Nine cases had EIKD, and 17 LOKD, accounting for two thirds of our series. No correlation was found between enzymatic activity, onset age and disease progression. Despite common geographical origin, only in a few cases could parental consanguinity be proven. The p.Gly41Ser mutation was associated with longer survival. A wide spectrum of LOKD is found despite similar genotype. Although current knowledge about onset age, residual enzyme activity and molecular analysis still fail to allow the identification of patient candidates for treatment, this information is valuable for long-term outcome prediction and could lead to reconsideration of inclusion criteria for bone marrow transplant (BMT) or other future therapeutic approaches

Krabbe leukodystrophy in a selected population with high rate of late onset forms: longer survival linked to c.121G>A (p.Gly41Ser) mutation

FIUMARA, Agata;BARONE, RITA MARIA ELISA;
2011-01-01

Abstract

Krabbe leukodystrophy (KD) is a neurodegenerative lysosomal disorder caused by mutations in the galactocerebrosidase (GALC) gene. Different clinical forms are described based on the age at onset. In reported series, the early infantile form (EIKD) accounts for more than 90% of the cases. The rarer late onset forms (LOKD) become manifest later than 6 months up to the adult age. We report clinical, imaging, mutational analysis and geographic data in a large cohort of individuals with Krabbe disease examined over a 30-year period. Retrospective analyses of disease onset and long-term follow-up were conducted in 26 KD patients. Molecular analysis was performed in 12 patients and their families. Nine cases had EIKD, and 17 LOKD, accounting for two thirds of our series. No correlation was found between enzymatic activity, onset age and disease progression. Despite common geographical origin, only in a few cases could parental consanguinity be proven. The p.Gly41Ser mutation was associated with longer survival. A wide spectrum of LOKD is found despite similar genotype. Although current knowledge about onset age, residual enzyme activity and molecular analysis still fail to allow the identification of patient candidates for treatment, this information is valuable for long-term outcome prediction and could lead to reconsideration of inclusion criteria for bone marrow transplant (BMT) or other future therapeutic approaches
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/53138
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