Type 2 diabetes and renal damage are strictly linked. The progressive increase in T2D incidence has stimulated the interest in novel biomarkers to improve the diagnostic performance of the commonly utilized markers such as albuminuria and eGFR. Through microarray method, we analyzed the entire transcriptome expressed in 12 serum samples of diabetic patients, six without DKD and six with DKD; the downregulation of the most dysregulated transcripts was validated in a wider cohort of 69 patients by qPCRs. We identified a total of 33 downregulated transcripts. The downregulation of four mitochondrial messenger RNAs (MT-ATP6, MT-ATP8, MT-COX3, MT-ND1) and other two transcripts (seysnoy, skerdo) was validated in patients with eGFR stage G3 versus G2 and G1. The four messenger RNAs correlated with creatinine and eGFR stages, while seysnoy and skerdo were associated with white blood cell values. All transcripts correlated also with Blood Urea Nitrogen. The four mitochondrial messenger RNAs had a high diagnostic performance in G3 versus G2 discrimination, with AUC values above 0.8. The most performant transcript was MT-ATP6, with an AUC of 0.846; sensitivity = 90%, specificity = 76%, p-value = 7.8 x 10(-5). This study led to the identification of a specific molecular signature of DKD, proposing the dosage of RNAs, especially mitochondrial RNAs, as noninvasive biomarkers of diabetes complication.

Mitochondrial RNAs as Potential Biomarkers of Functional Impairment in Diabetic Kidney Disease

Di Mauro, Stefania;Scamporrino, Alessandra;Filippello, Agnese;Di Marco, Maurizio;Di Pino, Antonino;Scicali, Roberto;Purrello, Francesco;Piro, Salvatore
2022

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes and renal damage are strictly linked. The progressive increase in T2D incidence has stimulated the interest in novel biomarkers to improve the diagnostic performance of the commonly utilized markers such as albuminuria and eGFR. Through microarray method, we analyzed the entire transcriptome expressed in 12 serum samples of diabetic patients, six without DKD and six with DKD; the downregulation of the most dysregulated transcripts was validated in a wider cohort of 69 patients by qPCRs. We identified a total of 33 downregulated transcripts. The downregulation of four mitochondrial messenger RNAs (MT-ATP6, MT-ATP8, MT-COX3, MT-ND1) and other two transcripts (seysnoy, skerdo) was validated in patients with eGFR stage G3 versus G2 and G1. The four messenger RNAs correlated with creatinine and eGFR stages, while seysnoy and skerdo were associated with white blood cell values. All transcripts correlated also with Blood Urea Nitrogen. The four mitochondrial messenger RNAs had a high diagnostic performance in G3 versus G2 discrimination, with AUC values above 0.8. The most performant transcript was MT-ATP6, with an AUC of 0.846; sensitivity = 90%, specificity = 76%, p-value = 7.8 x 10(-5). This study led to the identification of a specific molecular signature of DKD, proposing the dosage of RNAs, especially mitochondrial RNAs, as noninvasive biomarkers of diabetes complication.
DKD
biomarkers
circulating RNAs
Albuminuria
Biomarkers
Humans
Kidney
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetic Nephropathies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/536079
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