Polymer-based systems have been demonstrated in novel therapeutic and diagnostic (theranostic) treatments for cancer and other diseases. Polymers provide a useful scaffold to develop multifunctional nanosystems that combine various beneficial properties such as drug delivery, bioavailability, and photosensitivity. For example, to provide passive tumour targeting of small drug molecules, polymers have been used to modify and functionalise the surface of water-insoluble drugs. This approach also allows the reduction of adverse side effects, such as retinoids. However, multifunctional polymer conjugates containing several moieties with distinct features have not been investigated in depth. This report describes the development of a one-pot approach to produce a novel multifunctional polymer conjugate. As a proof of concept, we synthesised polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) covalently conjugated with rhodamine B (a tracking agent), folic acid (a targeting agent), and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA, a drug). The obtained polymer (PVA@RhodFR) was characterised by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, gel permeation chromatography, thermal analysis, dynamic light-scattering, NMR, UV-Vis, and fluorescence spectroscopy. Finally, to evaluate the efficiency of the multifunctional polymer conjugate, cellular differentiation treatments were performed on the neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. In comparison with standard ATRA-based conditions used to promote cell differentiation, the results revealed the high capability of the new PVA@RhodFR to induce neuroblastoma cells differentiation, even with a short incubation time and low ATRA concentration.

A Multifunctional Conjugated Polymer Developed as an Efficient System for Differentiation of SH-SY5Y Tumour Cells

Nicosia, Angelo
Primo
;
Cucci, Lorena Maria;Satriano, Cristina;Mineo, Placido
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Polymer-based systems have been demonstrated in novel therapeutic and diagnostic (theranostic) treatments for cancer and other diseases. Polymers provide a useful scaffold to develop multifunctional nanosystems that combine various beneficial properties such as drug delivery, bioavailability, and photosensitivity. For example, to provide passive tumour targeting of small drug molecules, polymers have been used to modify and functionalise the surface of water-insoluble drugs. This approach also allows the reduction of adverse side effects, such as retinoids. However, multifunctional polymer conjugates containing several moieties with distinct features have not been investigated in depth. This report describes the development of a one-pot approach to produce a novel multifunctional polymer conjugate. As a proof of concept, we synthesised polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) covalently conjugated with rhodamine B (a tracking agent), folic acid (a targeting agent), and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA, a drug). The obtained polymer (PVA@RhodFR) was characterised by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, gel permeation chromatography, thermal analysis, dynamic light-scattering, NMR, UV-Vis, and fluorescence spectroscopy. Finally, to evaluate the efficiency of the multifunctional polymer conjugate, cellular differentiation treatments were performed on the neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. In comparison with standard ATRA-based conditions used to promote cell differentiation, the results revealed the high capability of the new PVA@RhodFR to induce neuroblastoma cells differentiation, even with a short incubation time and low ATRA concentration.
multifunctional polymer-conjugate, all-trans retinoic acid, ATRA, folic acid, rhodamine B, polymer conjugates, polyvinyl alcohol, neuroblastoma, SH-SY5Y
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/539421
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