Purpose: In this study, we aimed to identify prognostic factors of cancer mortality in patients who received radical cystectomy and to identify genomic alterations in a sub-cohort of patients with locally advanced (pT3-4) and/or positive lymph nodes bladder cancer (BC). Methods: We collected 101 BC samples from 2010 to 2018 who previously received radical cystectomy. Immunohistochemical slides were evaluated for PPAR, cAMP, IMP3, Ki67, CDK4, POU5F1, Cyclin E and MDM2, p65, CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD68, CD163, FOXP3, PD-1 and PD-L1 expression. We calculated a prognostic score (PS) based on the positivity to PD-1, PD-L1 and of cAMP (final score ranging from 0 to 3). DNA of each sample have been used for sequencing by NGS in a sub-cohort of 6 patients with locally advanced (pT3-4) and/or positive lymph nodes BC. Results: PD-1 + (HR [hazard ratio] 2.59; p = 0.04), PD-L1+ (HR = 6.46; p < 0.01) and cAMP+ (HR 3.04; p = 0.02) were independent predictors of cancer-specific mortality (CSM). Increase of PS (score = 0 as reference) was associated with CSM, 0.81 (p = 0.80), 4.72 (p = 0.01) and 10.51 (p < 0.0) for PS 1, 2 and 3, respectively. ERBB2 was the gene most frequently mutated. Conclusion: BC exhibited heterogenous protein expression and variable genomic features. Identification of expression of PD-1, PD-L1 and cAMP could help in predicting oncological outcomes.

PD-1, PD-L1 and cAMP immunohistochemical expressions are associated with worse oncological outcome in patients with bladder cancer

Russo G. I.;Musso N.;Bonacci P. G.;Bivona D.;Stefani S.;Pricoco E.;Camarda M.;Cimino S.;Morgia G.;Broggi G.
2022

Abstract

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to identify prognostic factors of cancer mortality in patients who received radical cystectomy and to identify genomic alterations in a sub-cohort of patients with locally advanced (pT3-4) and/or positive lymph nodes bladder cancer (BC). Methods: We collected 101 BC samples from 2010 to 2018 who previously received radical cystectomy. Immunohistochemical slides were evaluated for PPAR, cAMP, IMP3, Ki67, CDK4, POU5F1, Cyclin E and MDM2, p65, CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD68, CD163, FOXP3, PD-1 and PD-L1 expression. We calculated a prognostic score (PS) based on the positivity to PD-1, PD-L1 and of cAMP (final score ranging from 0 to 3). DNA of each sample have been used for sequencing by NGS in a sub-cohort of 6 patients with locally advanced (pT3-4) and/or positive lymph nodes BC. Results: PD-1 + (HR [hazard ratio] 2.59; p = 0.04), PD-L1+ (HR = 6.46; p < 0.01) and cAMP+ (HR 3.04; p = 0.02) were independent predictors of cancer-specific mortality (CSM). Increase of PS (score = 0 as reference) was associated with CSM, 0.81 (p = 0.80), 4.72 (p = 0.01) and 10.51 (p < 0.0) for PS 1, 2 and 3, respectively. ERBB2 was the gene most frequently mutated. Conclusion: BC exhibited heterogenous protein expression and variable genomic features. Identification of expression of PD-1, PD-L1 and cAMP could help in predicting oncological outcomes.
Bladder cancer
Genes
Immunotherapy
NGS
PD-1
Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541362
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