Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a highly complex chronic inflammatory disease, in which a diagnostic delay could reduce the available therapeutic options. Our aim was to identify factors contributing to diagnostic delay in a MS population living in the municipality of Biancavilla.Methods: This retrospective population-based study consecutively selected patients with MS diagnosed from 1992 to 2018 and resident in the city of Biancavilla. Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected through the iMed database. Date of final MS diagnosis was obtained and diagnostic delay was calculated.Results: A total of 70 patients (66.7% women) were found affected by MS according to the 2011 McDonald criteria in the municipality of Biancavilla in the period between 2005 and 2010. The mean diagnostic delay in the MS cohort of Biancavilla was 33.8 +/-& nbsp;56 months [median 19.5, range 1-315]. The multivariate logistic regression confirmed that age >=& nbsp;40 years, lower educational level (1-5 years) and motor symptoms at onset were associated to longer diagnostic delay.Conclusion: In this population-based study a mean delay of about 30 months occurred between initial symptoms and the MS diagnosis. Older age at onset, lower education level and motor symptoms at onset were associated to longer MS diagnostic delay

Factors driving delayed time to multiple sclerosis diagnosis: Results from a population-based study

Patti, Francesco;Chisari, Clara Grazia;Arena, Sebastiano;Toscano, Simona;Finocchiaro, Chiara;Fermo, Salvatore Lo;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a highly complex chronic inflammatory disease, in which a diagnostic delay could reduce the available therapeutic options. Our aim was to identify factors contributing to diagnostic delay in a MS population living in the municipality of Biancavilla.Methods: This retrospective population-based study consecutively selected patients with MS diagnosed from 1992 to 2018 and resident in the city of Biancavilla. Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected through the iMed database. Date of final MS diagnosis was obtained and diagnostic delay was calculated.Results: A total of 70 patients (66.7% women) were found affected by MS according to the 2011 McDonald criteria in the municipality of Biancavilla in the period between 2005 and 2010. The mean diagnostic delay in the MS cohort of Biancavilla was 33.8 +/-& nbsp;56 months [median 19.5, range 1-315]. The multivariate logistic regression confirmed that age >=& nbsp;40 years, lower educational level (1-5 years) and motor symptoms at onset were associated to longer diagnostic delay.Conclusion: In this population-based study a mean delay of about 30 months occurred between initial symptoms and the MS diagnosis. Older age at onset, lower education level and motor symptoms at onset were associated to longer MS diagnostic delay
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/548243
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