Background: PARK2 (PRKN; MIM*602544) encodes Parkin protein, an ubiquitin-protein ligase required for proteasomal degradation and operating in the synaptic compartments. Copy number variations (CNVs) involving PARK2 have been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We report on a family with ASD (multiplex family) harbouring a microdeletion at chr. 6q26 causing PARK2 disruption.Methods: CNV analyses were performed using CGH/SNP-array platforms, and the detected microdeletion was confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR. Standardized psychometric evaluation was used for neurobehavioral characterization.Results: We found an intragenic similar to 157 kb microdeletion of the chromosomal region 6q26 causing PARK2 disruption in two male sibs with ASD and syndromic phenotype. They both had dysmorphic facial features with coarse faces, deeply set eyes with long horizontal palpebral fissures, long eyelashes and thick eyebrows, fleshy lips and mild skeletal problems. We found an intrafamilial clinical heterogeneity owing to different severity of the autism symptoms between the affected sibs: the younger one had minimally verbal autism and severe intellectual disability, whereas his older brother presented high-functioning autism and preserved speech. Parental analysis and real-time PCR using a PRKN fragment mapping within the deletion demonstrated that the deletion was inherited from their father having subthreshold features of ASD consisting with broad autism phenotype.Conclusions: The study corroborates the hypothesis that PARK2 aberrations may be associated with ASD and highlights correlations between CNV affecting PARK2 and ASD in a multiplex family. We show remarkable intrafamilial variability in the severity of inherited ASD associated with PARK2 microdeletion.

PARK2 microdeletion in a multiplex family with autism spectrum disorder

Barone, Rita
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Cirnigliaro, Lara
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Saccuzzo, Lucia
Data Curation
;
Valdese, Silvia
Investigation
;
Pettinato, Fabio
Data Curation
;
Prato, Adriana
Data Curation
;
Fichera, Marco
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Rizzo, Renata
Ultimo
Supervision
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: PARK2 (PRKN; MIM*602544) encodes Parkin protein, an ubiquitin-protein ligase required for proteasomal degradation and operating in the synaptic compartments. Copy number variations (CNVs) involving PARK2 have been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We report on a family with ASD (multiplex family) harbouring a microdeletion at chr. 6q26 causing PARK2 disruption.Methods: CNV analyses were performed using CGH/SNP-array platforms, and the detected microdeletion was confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR. Standardized psychometric evaluation was used for neurobehavioral characterization.Results: We found an intragenic similar to 157 kb microdeletion of the chromosomal region 6q26 causing PARK2 disruption in two male sibs with ASD and syndromic phenotype. They both had dysmorphic facial features with coarse faces, deeply set eyes with long horizontal palpebral fissures, long eyelashes and thick eyebrows, fleshy lips and mild skeletal problems. We found an intrafamilial clinical heterogeneity owing to different severity of the autism symptoms between the affected sibs: the younger one had minimally verbal autism and severe intellectual disability, whereas his older brother presented high-functioning autism and preserved speech. Parental analysis and real-time PCR using a PRKN fragment mapping within the deletion demonstrated that the deletion was inherited from their father having subthreshold features of ASD consisting with broad autism phenotype.Conclusions: The study corroborates the hypothesis that PARK2 aberrations may be associated with ASD and highlights correlations between CNV affecting PARK2 and ASD in a multiplex family. We show remarkable intrafamilial variability in the severity of inherited ASD associated with PARK2 microdeletion.
2023
PARK2 microdeletion
autism spectrum disorder
broad autism phenotype
multiplex family
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/551070
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