Molecular composition and structural adaptation are changes in the cartilage tissue after different stimuli. Sports activities with different loads at different angles, speeds, and intensities can modify the molecular composition of the articular cartilage, hence it is crucial to understand the molecular adaptations and structural modifications generated by sports practice and this review aims to synthesize the current evidence on this topic. A systematic search until July 2022 was performed on the database Medline, Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science with a collection of 62,198. After the screening process, the included articles were analyzed narratively. Thirty-one studies have been included in the analysis. From the results emerged that running, swimming, ballet and handball were not correlated with detrimental structural or molecular cartilage adaptation; instead, soccer, volleyball, basketball, weightlifting, climbing, and rowing showed signs of cartilage alteration and molecular adaptation that could be early predictive de-generation's signs. From the included studies it came to light that the regions more interested in morphological cartilage changes were the knee in athletes from different disciplines. In conclu-sion, different sports induce different cartilage modifications both at a molecular and structural level and it is important to know the risks correlated to sports to implement preventive strategies.

The influence of different sports on cartilage adaptations: A systematic review

Trovato, Bruno;Petrigna, Luca;Sortino, Martina;Roggio, Federico;Musumeci, Giuseppe
2023-01-01

Abstract

Molecular composition and structural adaptation are changes in the cartilage tissue after different stimuli. Sports activities with different loads at different angles, speeds, and intensities can modify the molecular composition of the articular cartilage, hence it is crucial to understand the molecular adaptations and structural modifications generated by sports practice and this review aims to synthesize the current evidence on this topic. A systematic search until July 2022 was performed on the database Medline, Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science with a collection of 62,198. After the screening process, the included articles were analyzed narratively. Thirty-one studies have been included in the analysis. From the results emerged that running, swimming, ballet and handball were not correlated with detrimental structural or molecular cartilage adaptation; instead, soccer, volleyball, basketball, weightlifting, climbing, and rowing showed signs of cartilage alteration and molecular adaptation that could be early predictive de-generation's signs. From the included studies it came to light that the regions more interested in morphological cartilage changes were the knee in athletes from different disciplines. In conclu-sion, different sports induce different cartilage modifications both at a molecular and structural level and it is important to know the risks correlated to sports to implement preventive strategies.
2023
Cartilage
Exercise
Health
Morphomolecular changes
Osteoarthritis
Prevention
Sports
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/557289
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