This study was aimed to characterize the secondary metabolites produced by four Colletotrichum species, C. acutatum, C. gloeosporioides, C. godetiae and C. karsti, both in vitro, on potato dextrose agar (PDA) and oatmeal agar (OA), and during the infection process of fruits of four olive cultivars differing in susceptibility to anthracnose, ‘Coratina’ and ‘Ottobratica’, both susceptible, ‘Frantoio’ and ‘Leccino’, both resistant. The metabolites were extracted from axenic cultures after seven days incubation and from olives inoculated singularly with each Colletotrichum species, at three different times, 1, 3 and 7 days post inoculation (dpi). They were identified using the UHPLC-QTOF-MS analysis method. In total, as many as 45 diverse metabolites were identified. Only 10 metabolites were present in both fruits and axenic cultures while 19 were found exclusively on olives and 16 exclusively in axenic cultures. The identified metabolites comprised fatty acid, phenolics, pyrones, sterols, terpenes and miscellaneous compounds. Each Colletotrichum species produced a different spectrum of metabolites depending on the type of matrices. On artificially inoculated olives the severity of symptoms, the amount of fungal secondary metabolites and their number peaked 7 dpi irrespective of the cultivar susceptibility and the virulence of the Colletotrichum species.

Secondary metabolites produced by four Colletotrichum species in vitro and on fruits of diverse olive cultivars

Riolo M.;Cacciola S. O.
2023-01-01

Abstract

This study was aimed to characterize the secondary metabolites produced by four Colletotrichum species, C. acutatum, C. gloeosporioides, C. godetiae and C. karsti, both in vitro, on potato dextrose agar (PDA) and oatmeal agar (OA), and during the infection process of fruits of four olive cultivars differing in susceptibility to anthracnose, ‘Coratina’ and ‘Ottobratica’, both susceptible, ‘Frantoio’ and ‘Leccino’, both resistant. The metabolites were extracted from axenic cultures after seven days incubation and from olives inoculated singularly with each Colletotrichum species, at three different times, 1, 3 and 7 days post inoculation (dpi). They were identified using the UHPLC-QTOF-MS analysis method. In total, as many as 45 diverse metabolites were identified. Only 10 metabolites were present in both fruits and axenic cultures while 19 were found exclusively on olives and 16 exclusively in axenic cultures. The identified metabolites comprised fatty acid, phenolics, pyrones, sterols, terpenes and miscellaneous compounds. Each Colletotrichum species produced a different spectrum of metabolites depending on the type of matrices. On artificially inoculated olives the severity of symptoms, the amount of fungal secondary metabolites and their number peaked 7 dpi irrespective of the cultivar susceptibility and the virulence of the Colletotrichum species.
2023
Colletotrichum spp
Heatmaps
Olive cultivars
Pathogenicity
Secondary metabolites
UHPLC-QTOF-MS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/568449
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