Lanthanide-doped nanoparticles, featuring sharp emission peaks with narrow bandwidth, exhibit high downconversion luminescence intensity, making them highly valuable in the fields of bioimaging and drug delivery. High-crystallinity Y2O3 nanoparticles (NPs) doped with Er3+ ions were functionalized by using a pegylation procedure to confer water solubility and biocompatibility. The NPs were thoroughly characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and photoluminescence measurements. The pegylated nanoparticles were studied both from a toxicological perspective and to demonstrate their internalization within HCT-116 cancer cells. Cell viability tests allowed for the identification of the “optimal” concentration, which yields a detectable fluorescence signal without being toxic to the cells. The internalization process was investigated using a combined approach involving confocal microscopy and ICP-MS. The obtained data clearly indicate the efficient internalization of NPs into the cells with emission intensity showing a strong correlation with the concentrations of nanoparticles delivered to the cells. Overall, this research contributes significantly to the fields of nanotechnology and biomedical research, with noteworthy implications for imaging and drug delivery applications

Internalization of Pegylated Er:Y2O3 Nanoparticles inside HCT-116 Cancer Cells: Implications for Imaging and Drug Delivery

Regina Maria Chiechio;Angela Caponnetto;Rosalia Battaglia;Carmen Ferrara;Ester Butera;Paolo Musumeci;Riccardo Reitano;Francesco Ruffino;Giuseppe Maccarrone;Cinzia Di Pietro;Luca Lanzanò;Giovanni Arena;Alfina Grasso;Chiara Copat;Margherita Ferrante;Annalinda Contino
2023-01-01

Abstract

Lanthanide-doped nanoparticles, featuring sharp emission peaks with narrow bandwidth, exhibit high downconversion luminescence intensity, making them highly valuable in the fields of bioimaging and drug delivery. High-crystallinity Y2O3 nanoparticles (NPs) doped with Er3+ ions were functionalized by using a pegylation procedure to confer water solubility and biocompatibility. The NPs were thoroughly characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and photoluminescence measurements. The pegylated nanoparticles were studied both from a toxicological perspective and to demonstrate their internalization within HCT-116 cancer cells. Cell viability tests allowed for the identification of the “optimal” concentration, which yields a detectable fluorescence signal without being toxic to the cells. The internalization process was investigated using a combined approach involving confocal microscopy and ICP-MS. The obtained data clearly indicate the efficient internalization of NPs into the cells with emission intensity showing a strong correlation with the concentrations of nanoparticles delivered to the cells. Overall, this research contributes significantly to the fields of nanotechnology and biomedical research, with noteworthy implications for imaging and drug delivery applications
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/576169
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