Objective: Obesity is a multifactorial disease that is one of the major public health problems. It is the result of the interaction between behavioral, social and endocrine-metabolic components. Already in the 80s, it was highlighted by the World Health Organization (WHO) that the workplace is an ideal setting for introducing health promotion programs. The aim of the present study was to implement a health promotion program among healthcare workers (HCWs) operating in an Emergency Hospital in Southern Italy, combining diet, sports activity and motivational support over a 24-month period. Patients and methods: Participants were HCWs operating in an Emergency Hospital in Southern Italy. The inclusion criteria were as follows: overweight or obesity, i.e., body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m2, or waist circumference >102 cm (males), >88 cm (females); dyslipidemia without pharmacological treatment, i.e., total cholesterol >220 mg/dL, or high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol <35 mg/dL, or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) >130 mg/dL, or triglycerides >200 mg/dL; fasting glucose levels >120 mg/dl and/or reduced tolerance to glucose or diabetes mellitus, without pharmacological treatment was determined through HbA1c. Results: The analysis was conducted on 36 participants. Follow-up was performed after twelve (T12) and twenty-four months (T24). The average systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) values decreased during the time period. The average BMI of both male and female HCWs was significantly reduced from T0 to T12 and from T0 to T24. The triglyceride levels gradually decreased, but not significantly, from T0 to T24. The average blood glucose values decreased from T0 to T12 and from T12 to T24. The number of subjects who started to perform physical activity increased significantly between T0 and T12 and between T0 and T24. Conclusions: The findings have led to a significant change in HCWs' lifestyles and body perceptions, as well as their ability to work.

Workplace health promotion: results of a combined multidisciplinary intervention over a long period - preliminary results

Matera, S
Primo
;
Filetti, V;Rapisarda, V;Vecchio, M;Musumeci, G;Roggio, F;Vitale, E
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Obesity is a multifactorial disease that is one of the major public health problems. It is the result of the interaction between behavioral, social and endocrine-metabolic components. Already in the 80s, it was highlighted by the World Health Organization (WHO) that the workplace is an ideal setting for introducing health promotion programs. The aim of the present study was to implement a health promotion program among healthcare workers (HCWs) operating in an Emergency Hospital in Southern Italy, combining diet, sports activity and motivational support over a 24-month period. Patients and methods: Participants were HCWs operating in an Emergency Hospital in Southern Italy. The inclusion criteria were as follows: overweight or obesity, i.e., body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m2, or waist circumference >102 cm (males), >88 cm (females); dyslipidemia without pharmacological treatment, i.e., total cholesterol >220 mg/dL, or high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol <35 mg/dL, or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) >130 mg/dL, or triglycerides >200 mg/dL; fasting glucose levels >120 mg/dl and/or reduced tolerance to glucose or diabetes mellitus, without pharmacological treatment was determined through HbA1c. Results: The analysis was conducted on 36 participants. Follow-up was performed after twelve (T12) and twenty-four months (T24). The average systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) values decreased during the time period. The average BMI of both male and female HCWs was significantly reduced from T0 to T12 and from T0 to T24. The triglyceride levels gradually decreased, but not significantly, from T0 to T24. The average blood glucose values decreased from T0 to T12 and from T12 to T24. The number of subjects who started to perform physical activity increased significantly between T0 and T12 and between T0 and T24. Conclusions: The findings have led to a significant change in HCWs' lifestyles and body perceptions, as well as their ability to work.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/576769
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