BackgroundThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with the aid of Navio Robot, comparing it with standard prosthetic surgery on the functional outcomes of patients after an intensive rehabilitation program.MethodA case-control observational study was conducted on patients undergoing TKA for severe KOA. All patients underwent the same intensive hospital rehabilitation program of 14 daily sessions lasting 3 h. The following rating scales were administered: Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Knee Society Score (KSS) and 12-Item Short Form Survey scale. Patient assessments were performed 1 week post-surgery (T0), 1 month post-surgery (T2), and 3 months post-surgery (T3). The primary outcomes were active knee extension and flexion and pain severity. The secondary outcomes were functional capacity and quality of life.ResultsUsing repeated measures ANOVA, we observed at T1 a statistically different difference for the treatment group compared to the control group about KSS (p < 0.05), pain (p < 0.05), and knee flexion (p < 0.05). No statistically significant difference between the two groups was observed for knee extension (p = 0.09) and the SF-12 scale (p = 0.52). At T2 instead, we observed a statistically significant difference for the treatment group compared to the control group as regards KSS (p < 0.05) and knee flexion (p < 0.05), while no statistically significant difference was observed for pain (p = 0.83), knee extension (p = 0.60), and the SF-12 scale (0.44).ConclusionsOur study has demonstrated that robot-NAVIO assisted knee prosthesis surgery, associated with a specific intensive rehabilitation treatment, in the short and medium term, determines good pain control, better flexion recovery and a improvement of functional capacity.

Rehabilitation approach in robot assisted total knee arthroplasty: an observational study

Vitagliani F.;Caracappa D.;Chiaramonte R.;Vecchio M.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

BackgroundThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with the aid of Navio Robot, comparing it with standard prosthetic surgery on the functional outcomes of patients after an intensive rehabilitation program.MethodA case-control observational study was conducted on patients undergoing TKA for severe KOA. All patients underwent the same intensive hospital rehabilitation program of 14 daily sessions lasting 3 h. The following rating scales were administered: Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Knee Society Score (KSS) and 12-Item Short Form Survey scale. Patient assessments were performed 1 week post-surgery (T0), 1 month post-surgery (T2), and 3 months post-surgery (T3). The primary outcomes were active knee extension and flexion and pain severity. The secondary outcomes were functional capacity and quality of life.ResultsUsing repeated measures ANOVA, we observed at T1 a statistically different difference for the treatment group compared to the control group about KSS (p < 0.05), pain (p < 0.05), and knee flexion (p < 0.05). No statistically significant difference between the two groups was observed for knee extension (p = 0.09) and the SF-12 scale (p = 0.52). At T2 instead, we observed a statistically significant difference for the treatment group compared to the control group as regards KSS (p < 0.05) and knee flexion (p < 0.05), while no statistically significant difference was observed for pain (p = 0.83), knee extension (p = 0.60), and the SF-12 scale (0.44).ConclusionsOur study has demonstrated that robot-NAVIO assisted knee prosthesis surgery, associated with a specific intensive rehabilitation treatment, in the short and medium term, determines good pain control, better flexion recovery and a improvement of functional capacity.
2023
Knee arthroplasty
Knee osteoarthritis
NAVIO
Outcomes
Rehabilitation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/582552
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