Uveal melanoma is one of the most common and aggressive intraocular malignancies, and, due to its great capability of metastasize, it constitutes the most incident intraocular tumor in adults. However, to date there is no effective treatment since achieving the inner ocular tissues still constitutes one of the greatest challenges in actual medicine, because of the complex structure and barriers. Uncoated and PEGylated nanostructured lipid carriers were developed to achieve physico-chemical properties (mean particle size, homogeneity, zeta potential, pH and osmolality) compatible for the ophthalmic administration of (S)-(–)-MRJF22, a new custom-synthetized prodrug for the potential treatment of uveal melanoma. The colloidal physical stability was investigated at different temperatures by Turbiscan® Ageing Station. Morphology analysis and mucoadhesive studies highlighted the presence of small particles suitable to be topically administered on the ocular surface. In vitro release studies performed using Franz diffusion cells demonstrated that the systems were able to provide a slow and prolonged prodrug release. In vitro cytotoxicity test on Human Corneal Epithelium and Human Uveal Melanoma cell lines and Hen’s egg-chorioallantoic membrane test showed a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect of the free prodrug on corneal cells, whose cytocompatibility improved when encapsulated into nanoparticles, as also confirmed by in vivo studies on New Zealand albino rabbits. Antiangiogenic capability and preventive antiinflammatory properties were also investigated on embryonated eggs and rabbits, respectively. Furthermore, preliminary in vivo biodistribution images of fluorescent nanoparticles after topical instillation in rabbits’ eyes, suggested their ability to reach the posterior segment of the eye, as a promising strategy for the treatment of choroidal uveal melanoma.

In vitro and in vivo studies of ocular topically administered NLC for the treatment of uveal melanoma

Cimino, Cinzia;Bonaccorso, Angela;Musumeci, Teresa;Pignatello, Rosario;Marrazzo, Agostino;Barbaraci, Carla;Carbone, Claudia
2024-01-01

Abstract

Uveal melanoma is one of the most common and aggressive intraocular malignancies, and, due to its great capability of metastasize, it constitutes the most incident intraocular tumor in adults. However, to date there is no effective treatment since achieving the inner ocular tissues still constitutes one of the greatest challenges in actual medicine, because of the complex structure and barriers. Uncoated and PEGylated nanostructured lipid carriers were developed to achieve physico-chemical properties (mean particle size, homogeneity, zeta potential, pH and osmolality) compatible for the ophthalmic administration of (S)-(–)-MRJF22, a new custom-synthetized prodrug for the potential treatment of uveal melanoma. The colloidal physical stability was investigated at different temperatures by Turbiscan® Ageing Station. Morphology analysis and mucoadhesive studies highlighted the presence of small particles suitable to be topically administered on the ocular surface. In vitro release studies performed using Franz diffusion cells demonstrated that the systems were able to provide a slow and prolonged prodrug release. In vitro cytotoxicity test on Human Corneal Epithelium and Human Uveal Melanoma cell lines and Hen’s egg-chorioallantoic membrane test showed a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect of the free prodrug on corneal cells, whose cytocompatibility improved when encapsulated into nanoparticles, as also confirmed by in vivo studies on New Zealand albino rabbits. Antiangiogenic capability and preventive antiinflammatory properties were also investigated on embryonated eggs and rabbits, respectively. Furthermore, preliminary in vivo biodistribution images of fluorescent nanoparticles after topical instillation in rabbits’ eyes, suggested their ability to reach the posterior segment of the eye, as a promising strategy for the treatment of choroidal uveal melanoma.
2024
Lipid Nanoparticles; Ophthalmic delivery; Anti-inflammatory activity; HET-CAM test; Draize test; Fluorescent probe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/612629
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